Korean J Nutr.  2008 Sep;41(6):530-538.

The Relationship between Beverage Consumption, Nutrient Intake and Body Mass Index in Elementary School Students in Gyeongnam Area

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701, Korea. sykim@gnu.ac.kr
  • 2Major of Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701, Korea.

Abstract

This study was performed to assess the effects of beverage consumption on nutrient intake and anthropometric measurements. Beverage intake and dietary intake were measured by a beverage frequency and quantity questionnaire and three 24-hour dietary recalls in 160 elementary school students in the Gyeongnam area. The number of drinking moments per month was 93.5 and drinking amount of all beverages was 626.6 mL per day. The amount of milk intake was 253.8 ml per day, which was the highest in all types of beverage consumption, followed by juice (133.6 mL), and carbonated beverage (77.7 mL). The amount of sweetened beverage which was defined as all beverages except milk and soy milk was 359.7 ml per day. Energy intakes from all kinds of beverages and sweetened beverages accounted for 20.3% and for 10.5% of the daily energy intake, respectively. The contributions of sweetened beverage intake to the daily energy intake in girls accounted for 13.5% , whereas in boys it was 7.7% and significantly lower. The number of drinking moments and the contribution of sweetened beverage intake to daily energy intake were negatively correlated with protein, vitamin A and niacin intake, respectively. The consumption of milk and soybean milk combined showed a significant negative correlation with the body fat ratio (%) and it also negatively correlated with waist-hip girth ratio (WHR). However, the sweetened beverage intake was not related any of the anthropometric measurement. In conclusion, consumption of the sweetened beverage dropped the nutritional quality of diet. However it was not related with anthropometric measurements in elementary students.

Keyword

beverage; children; nutrient intake; BMI; elementary students
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