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The effects of body mass index and body shape perceptions of South Korean adults on weight control behaviors; Correlation with quality of sleep and residence of place

Kang NE, Kim SJ, Oh YS, Jang SE

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The obese population is rapidly increasing because of reduced physical activity and a Westernized diet; consequently, various chronic diseases are more prevalent. With the increasing interest in body shape...
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Vitamin D and Male Fertility: An Updated Review

Cito G, Cocci A, Micelli E, Gabutti A, Russo GI, Coccia ME, Franco G, Serni S, Carini M, Natali A

To date, the key role of vitamin D in male reproductive system has been suggested, since the expression of vitamin D receptors and metabolizing enzymes was demonstrated in the testis...
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Development and Validation of a Simple Index Based on Non-Enhanced CT and Clinical Factors for Prediction of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Ahn Y, Yun SC, Lee SS, Son JH, Jo S, Byun J, Sung YS, Kim HS, Yu ES

OBJECTIVE: A widely applicable, non-invasive screening method for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is needed. We aimed to develop and validate an index combining computed tomography (CT) and routine clinical...
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Risk Factors for Duodenal Stump Leakage after Laparoscopic Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer

Gu L, Zhang K, Shen Z, Wang X, Zhu H, Pan J, Zhong X, Khadaroo P, Chen P

PURPOSE: Duodenal stump leakage (DSL) is a potentially fatal complication that can occur after gastrectomy, but its underlying risk factors are unclear. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors...
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Associations of Perirenal Fat Thickness with Renal and Systemic Calcified Atherosclerosis

Koo BK, Denenberg , Wright CM, Criqui MH, Allison MA

BACKGROUND: We investigated associations between perirenal fat thickness and atherosclerotic calcification in six different vascular beds. METHODS: Using a community-based cohort (n=3,919), perirenal fat thickness was estimated from computed tomography scans....
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Determinants of Circulating Soluble Leptin Receptor and Free Leptin Index in Indonesian Pre-Pubertal Obese Male Children: A Preliminary Cross-Sectional Study

Hendarto A, Nagrani DG, Meiliana A, Sastroasmoro S, Sjarif DR

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the clinical and metabolic determinants of circulating soluble leptin receptor (CSLR) and free leptin index (FLI) in pre-pubertal obese male children. METHODS: We conducted a...
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Clinical Impact of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy and Mortality Prediction Model for Effective Primary Prevention in Korean Patients

Bae MH, Cho Y, Hwang J, Park HS, Han S, Lee YS, Cho HJ, Jung BC, Lee CH, Hyun DW, Park JS, Ahn J, Kim KH, Shin DG

BACKGROUND: Studies on the efficacy of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy for primary prevention in Asian patients are relatively lacking compared to those for secondary prevention. Also, it is important to...
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A prediction model of Nephrolithiasis Risk: A population-based cohort study in Korea

Mukasa D, Sung J

PURPOSE: Well-validated risk prediction models help to stratify individuals on the basis of their disease risks and to guide health care professionals in decision-making. The incidence of nephrolithiasis has been...
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Factors Affecting Quality of Life and Satisfaction in Patients with Arthritis after Change to a Fixed-Dose Naproxen/Esomeprazole Combination Drug

Park D, Kwon Y

BACKGROUND: In drug therapy for patients with arthritis, a naproxen/esomeprazole combination drug may be a tolerable choice because it can minimize gastrointestinal and cardiovascular adverse effects. The aim of this...
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Risk Factors Associated with Failure of Cephalomedullary Nail Fixation in the Treatment of Trochanteric Hip Fractures

Yoo J, Chang J, Park C, Hwang J

BACKGROUND: Intramedullary (IM) nailing is widely performed in elderly patients with trochanteric fractures. Thus, it is important to identify causative factors associated with fixation failure. We investigated fixation failures after...
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Characteristics of Appendicular Tissue Components in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

Koo BS, Yoon BH

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of appendicular lean mass (ALM) associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to analyze appendicular tissue components in patients with...
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Analysis of Factors Affecting Breakfast Eating Behavior of Children in Indonesia: An Application of the Health Belief Model

Kang RY, Lee SJ, Ryu HK

OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the current state of consuming breakfast among elementary school students residing in Malang, East Java, Indonesia, and to identify factors that influence breakfast behavior. METHODS: The research...
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Plasma CD36 and Incident Diabetes: A Case-Cohort Study in Danish Men and Women

Wang Y, Zhu J, Aroner S, Overvad K, Cai T, Yang M, Tjønneland A, Handberg A, Jensen MK

BACKGROUND: Membrane CD36 is a fatty acid transporter implicated in the pathogenesis of metabolic disease. We aimed to evaluate the association between plasma CD36 levels and diabetes risk and to...
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Incidence and Risk Factors for Dementia in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Nationwide Population-Based Study in Korea

Yu JH, Han K, Park S, Cho H, Lee DY, Kim JW, Seo JA, Kim SG, Baik SH, Park YG, Choi KM, Kim SM, Kim NH

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of dementia. We aimed to comprehensively analyze the incidence and risk factors for dementia and young-onset dementia (YOD) in diabetic patients...
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Patient preferences regarding bariatric/metabolic procedures: a survey of Korean obese candidates for surgery

Roh SY, Park YH, Lee WK, Kim SM

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to survey potential candidates for bariatric/metabolic surgery for procedure preferences. METHODS: Questions asked were divided into 5 categories: (1) demographic and anthropometric data, comorbidities,...
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Dietary and modifiable factors contributing to hyper-LDL-cholesterolemia prevalence in nationwide time series data and the implications for primary prevention strategies

Baik I

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: A number of studies examined secular trends in blood lipid profiles using time series data of national surveys whereas few studies investigated individual-level factors contributing to such trends. The...
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Clinical Usefulness of Uric Acid as a Biomarker for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Comparative Analysis With Plain Radiography and Musculoskeletal Ultrasound

Kim SK, Jung UH, Choe JY

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationships of serum and urine uric acid with severity or activity in knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: A total of 42 patients...
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Echocardiographic Evaluation of Axial Spondyloarthritis in Korea: Data From the Catholic Axial Spondyloarthritis Cohort

Min HK, Lee J, Ju JH, Kwok SK, Youn HJ, Park SH

OBJECTIVE: Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is often accompanied by cardiac manifestations, such as valvular heart disease. In this prospective cohort study, we evaluated the incidence of cardiac abnormalities in Korean axSpA...
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Association Between Serum Bilirubin and the Progression of Carotid Atherosclerosis in Type 2 Diabetes

Lee I, Lee HH, Cho Y, Choi YJ, Huh BW, Lee BW, Kang ES, Park SW, Cha BS, Lee EJ, Lee YH, Huh KB

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether serum bilirubin levels can predict the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This observational study included 1,381 subjects with...
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Intelectin-1 and Endocrinological Parameters in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Effect of Insulin Resistance

Al-Fartosy AJM, Awad NA, Mohammed A

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the effect of insulin resistance (IR) on serum Intelectin-1 and endocrinological hormones levels in obese and non-obese women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)...
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