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Metabolic Crosstalk between the Heart and Fat

Ferrero KM, Koch WJ

It is now recognized that the heart can behave as a true endocrine organ, which can modulate the function of other tissues. Emerging evidence has shown that visceral fat is...
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Impact of Skeletal Muscle Mass on Metabolic Health

Kim G, Kim JH

Skeletal muscle is regarded as an endocrine and paracrine organ. Muscle-derived secretory proteins, referred to as myokines, mediate interactions between skeletal muscle mass and other organs such as the liver,...
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Determinants of Circulating Soluble Leptin Receptor and Free Leptin Index in Indonesian Pre-Pubertal Obese Male Children: A Preliminary Cross-Sectional Study

Hendarto A, Nagrani DG, Meiliana A, Sastroasmoro S, Sjarif DR

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the clinical and metabolic determinants of circulating soluble leptin receptor (CSLR) and free leptin index (FLI) in pre-pubertal obese male children. METHODS: We conducted a...
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Quantification of Fat Concentration and Vascular Response in Brown and White Adipose Tissue of Rats by Spectral CT Imaging

Peng XG, Zhao Z, Chang D, Bai Y, Xu Q, Ju S

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to non-invasively characterize and discriminate brown adipose tissue (BAT) from white adipose tissue (WAT) in rats using spectral computed tomography (CT) with histological...
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Closure of oroantral fistula: a review of local flap techniques

Kwon MS, Lee BS, Choi BJ, Lee JW, Ohe JY, Jung JH, Hwang BY, Kwon YD

Oroantral fistula (OAF), also termed oroantral communication, is an abnormal condition in which there is a communicating tract between the maxillary sinus and the oral cavity. The most common causes...
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Plasma CD36 and Incident Diabetes: A Case-Cohort Study in Danish Men and Women

Wang Y, Zhu J, Aroner S, Overvad K, Cai T, Yang M, Tjønneland A, Handberg A, Jensen MK

BACKGROUND: Membrane CD36 is a fatty acid transporter implicated in the pathogenesis of metabolic disease. We aimed to evaluate the association between plasma CD36 levels and diabetes risk and to...
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Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise Training Reduces Circulating Apolipoprotein J Levels and Improves Insulin Resistance in Postmenopausal Diabetic Women

Jeon YK, Kim SS, Kim JH, Kim HJ, Kim HJ, Park JJ, Cho YS, Joung SH, Kim JR, Kim BH, Song SH, Kim IJ, Kim YK, Kim YB

BACKGROUND: Circulating apolipoprotein J (ApoJ) is closely associated with insulin resistance; however, the effect of exercise on circulating ApoJ levels and the association of ApoJ with metabolic indices remain unknown....
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Use of SGLT-2 Inhibitors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Abdominal Obesity: An Asian Perspective and Expert Recommendations

Sheu WH, Chan SP, Matawaran , Deerochanawong C, Mithal A, Chan J, Suastika K, Khoo CM, Nguyen HM, Linong J, Luk A, Yoon KH

The prevalence of obesity in Asia is of epidemic proportions, with an estimated 1 billion overweight/obese individuals in the region. The majority of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
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Relationship Between Epicardial Fat Volume and Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction in Patients with Chest Pain and Unobstructed Coronary Arteries

Quah JX, Sargent S, Nel K, Anstey CM, Stanton T, Greaves K

OBJECTIVE: Epicardial fat (EF) is metabolically active adipose tissue positioned between the epicardial surface of the heart and the pericardium. We investigated whether there is a relationship between EF and...
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Development and Validation of a Deep Learning System for Segmentation of Abdominal Muscle and Fat on Computed Tomography

Park HJ, Shin Y, Park J, Kim H, Lee IS, Seo DW, Huh J, Lee TY, Park T, Lee J, Kim KW

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop and validate a deep learning system for fully automated segmentation of abdominal muscle and fat areas on computed tomography (CT) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A fully...
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In silico approach to calculate the transcript capacity

Lee YS, Won KH, Oh JD, Shin D

We sought the novel concept, transcript capacity (TC) and analyzed TC. Our approach to estimate TC was through an in silico method. TC refers to the capacity that a transcript...
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Factors that determine the Work Ability Index of street cleaners

Kim JW, Yang S, Chung I, Lee MY

BACKGROUND: Korea has shown a rapid pace of aging and has become an aged society in a shorter period than Western countries. Therefore, it is important that middle-aged workers maintain...
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Differing Impact of Weight Cycling on Ambulatory Blood Pressure versus Conventional Blood Pressure Assessment: A Possible Explanation to Controversy

Zeigler ZS, Nordin TC

BACKGROUND: Weight cycling (WC) is a widespread behavior associated with elevated laboratory blood pressure (BP). The impact WC may have on ambulatory BP (ABP) is unknown. METHODS: Impact of self-reported WC...
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Perirenal fat thickness is associated with metabolic risk factors in patients with chronic kidney disease

D'Marco L, Salazar J, Cortez M, Salazar M, Wettel M, Lima-Martínez M, Rojas E, Roque W, Bermúdez

BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue accumulation in specific body compartments has been associated with diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Perirenal fat (PRF) may lead to have direct lipotoxic effects on renal function and...
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Effects of caloric restriction on the expression of lipocalin-2 and its receptor in the brown adipose tissue of high-fat diet-fed mice

Park KA, Jin Z, An HS, Lee JY, Jeong EA, Choi EB, Kim KE, Shin HJ, Lee JE, Roh GS

Obesity causes inflammation and impairs thermogenic functions in brown adipose tissue (BAT). The adipokine lipocalin 2 (LCN2) has been implicated in inflammation and obesity. Herein, we investigated the protective effects...
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Is There a Difference in Serum Vitamin D Levels and Bone Mineral Density According to Body Mass Index in Young Adult Women?

Lim HS, Byun DW, Suh KI, Park HK, Kim HJ, Kim TH, Lee HH

BACKGROUND: In the life cycle, bone mineral density (BMD) is the most optimal condition in the 20s. In Korea, vitamin D deficiency status is very serious in Korean women due...
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Preparation and Characterization of Human Adipose Tissue-Derived Extracellular Matrix, Growth Factors, and Stem Cells: A Concise Review

Chun SY, Lim JO, Lee EH, Han MH, Ha YS, Lee JN, Kim BS, Park MJ, Yeo M, Jung B, Kwon TG

BACKGROUND: Human adipose tissue is routinely discarded as medical waste. However, this tissue may have valuable clinical applications since methods have been devised to effectively isolate adipose-derived extracellular matrix (ECM),...
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Association of visceral adiposity and insulin resistance with colorectal adenoma and colorectal cancer

Jung IS, Shin CM, Park SJ, Park YS, Yoon H, Jo HJ, Kim N, Lee DH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To examine whether visceral adiposity serves as a risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC) and colorectal adenomas. METHODS: Two hundred healthy subjects, 200 patients with colorectal adenoma, and 151 patients...
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Importance of Adherence to Personalized Diet Intervention in Obesity Related Metabolic Improvement in Overweight and Obese Korean Adults

An J, Yoon SR, Lee JH, Kim H, Kim OY

We investigated weight loss effect of personalized diet education in overweight/obese Korean adults. Overweight/obese Korean adults (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 23 kg/m2 or waist circumference [WC] ≥ 90 cm...
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Association between Body Fat and Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy in Middle-Aged Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Preliminary Report

Oh TJ, Lee JE, Choi SH, Jang HC

BACKGROUND: Previous epidemiologic studies showed that obesity increased the risk of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). However, there is very limited data about the impact of body fat measured by body...
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