J Korean Pain Soc.  1999 May;12(1):8-15.

The Changes of Metabotrophic Glutamate Receptor type 5 in Allodynia Induced by Nerve Ligation

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Following peripheral nerve injury, rats will show a tactile allodynia and hyperalgesia. But the mechanism of allodynia is still obscure. The present studies, using rats rendered allodynia by loosely constrictive ligation of the common sciatic nerve (Bennett Model) and tight ligation of L5 &L6 spinal nerve (Chung Model), aimed to investigate the changes of metabotrophic glutamate receptor type 5 on the development of tactile allodynia. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (130-200 g) were anesthetized with halothane, the rats were randomly divided into one of these three groups, Group 1 (Sham operation), Group 2 (Bennett model) and Group 3 (Chung model). Seven days after surgical procedure, the animal was reanesthetized and decapitated. The spinal cord was quickly removed and stored at deep freezer for polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In Group 2 & 3, rats showed that tactile allodynia checked by up-down method with calibrated 8 von Frey hair. The level of gene expression of mGluR5 mRNA was significantly increased in group 2 and 3. These increases was significantly different from sham operation, group l. It was also showed that the increasing patterns of group 2 and 3 in the gene expression were similar correlation with the results of the threshold for tactile allodynia on von Frey hair test. Even though there were some differences between Bennett model and Chung model, these results suggested that mGluR5 had partly attributed to making a tactile allodynia from these models.

Keyword

Neuropathic pain, Allodynia; Glutamate, mGluR5

MeSH Terms

Animals
Gene Expression
Glutamic Acid*
Hair
Halothane
Humans
Hyperalgesia*
Ligation*
Male
Peripheral Nerve Injuries
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Receptors, Glutamate*
RNA, Messenger
Sciatic Nerve
Spinal Cord
Spinal Nerves
Glutamic Acid
Halothane
RNA, Messenger
Receptors, Glutamate
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