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Autophagy localization and cytoprotective role in cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury

Autophagy is a fundamental cellular process that maintains homeostasis and cell integrity, under stress conditions. Although the involvement of autophagy in various conditions has been elucidated, the role of autophagy...
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SYM 2081 Exerts Neuroprotective Effect Modulating Anti-Apoptosis in the Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury of Neonatal Rats

Park JK, Jang YY, Jeong JE, Lee EJ, Choi EJ, Chung HL, Kim WT

OBJECTIVE: SYM 2081 ((2S,4R)-4-methylglutamic acid), an agonist and functional antagonist of the kainite receptor, has shown a neuroprotective effect in neurodegenerative diseases in adults but little is known concerning perinatal...
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Albizzia julibrissin Suppresses Testosterone-induced Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia by Regulating 5α-Reductase Type 2 – Androgen Receptor Pathway

Hong GL, Kim HT, Park SR, Lee NH, Ryu KA, Kim TW, Song GY, Jung JY

Albizzia julibrissin (AJ) is an herbal medicine that shows low toxicity, promotes promoting blood circulation and mitigates the inflammation and has mild side effects. Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is one...
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Bile Acid Transporters Are Expressed and Heterogeneously Distributed in Rat Bile Ducts

Luo ZL, Cheng L, Wang T, Tang LJ, Tian FZ, Xiang K, Cui L

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cholangiocytes are capable of reabsorbing bile salts from bile, but the pathophysiological significance of this process is unclear. To this end, we detected the expression and distribution of bile...
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The Effect of Cryopreservation of Allograft Nerve on the Recovery of Motor Function

Choi SS, Park I, Hyun JK, Jung JU, Kim JP

PURPOSE: Peripheral nerve allograft can be an acceptable alternative, but it has not yet become clinically useful because of immune response to foreign tissue. With significant advances in the research...
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Effect of gemigliptin on cardiac ischemia/reperfusion and spontaneous hypertensive rat models

Nam DH, Park J, Park SH, Kim KS, Baek EB

Diabetes is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular complications. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-IV) inhibitors are used clinically to reduce high blood glucose levels as an antidiabetic agent. However, the effect...
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Quantitative Evaluation of Hepatic Steatosis Using Normalized Local Variance in a Rat Model: Comparison with Histopathology as the Reference Standard

Bae JS, Lee JY, Lee DH, Kim H, Lee Y, Han JK

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of the normalized local variance (NLV) ultrasound technique in the assessment of hepatic steatosis, and to identify the factors that influence the NLV value...
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Correlation between synthesis of α2-macroglobulin as acute phase protein and degree of hepatopathy in rats

Ito R, Kuribayashi T

The degree of hepatopathy affecting the synthesis of α2-macroglobulin (α2M) as an acute phase protein in rats was investigated. Hepatopathy was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by intravenous administration of galactosamine...
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Calpain-2 as a Treatment Target in Prenatal Stress-induced Epileptic Spasms in Infant Rats

Kwon HH, Neupane C, Shin J, Gwon DH, Yin Y, Shin N, Shin HJ, Hong J, Park JB, Yi Y, Kim DW, Kang JW

Stress can induce a serious epileptic encephalopathy that occurs during early infancy. Recent studies have revealed that prenatal stress exposure is a risk factor for the development of infantile spasms....
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Long-term Effects of Aripiprazole Treatment during Adolescence on Cognitive Function and Dopamine D2 Receptor Expression in Neurodevelopmentally Normal Rats

Choi HJ, Im SJ, Park HR, Park S, Kim CE, Ryu S

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the long-term effects of aripiprazole treatment during adolescence on behavior, cognitive function, and dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) expression in adult rats. METHODS: Adolescent male Sprague-Dawley...
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Effect of Yeonsan Ogye bioactive peptides on anti-oxidant indexes in rats' liver

Kim HW, Shim JH, Kim KN

PURPOSE: This study investigated the effect of bioactive Yeonsan Ogye peptides (YOPs) intake on changes in the hepatic anti-oxidant indexes in male rats. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into 3...
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Eight-week healing of grafted calvarial bone defects with hyperbaric oxygen therapy in rats

Oh SE, Hu KS, Kim S

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the synergistic effect of adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy on new bone formation and angiogenesis after 8 weeks of healing. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley...
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Assessment of Right Ventricular Function by Tissue Doppler Imaging in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertensive Rat

Hong JE, Kim KC, Hong YM

OBJECTIVES: Elevated pulmonary pressure and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction are the hallmarks of pulmonary vascular disease in animal models and human patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Monocrotaline models of...
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Synergistic effects of extracorporeal shockwave therapy and modified Ojayeonjonghwan on erectile dysfunction in an animal model of diabetes

Jeong HC, Bae WJ, Zhu GQ, Jeon SH, Choi SW, Kim SJ, Cho HJ, Hong SH, Lee JY, Hwang SY, Kim SW

PURPOSE: We investigated the synergy effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) with modified Ojayeonjonghwan (Korean herbal formula, KH-204) in an animal model of diabetes mellitus (DM)-induced erectile dysfunction (ED). MATERIALS...
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Evaluation of the periodontal and pulpal healing of replanted rat molars with doxycycline root conditioning

Nam OH, Cheon K, Kim MS, Lee HS, Choi SC

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate periodontal and pulpal healing in replanted rat teeth, preserved under different storage conditions, with or without root conditioning using doxycycline. METHODS: A total of 40...
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Emotional Stress Facilitates Micturition Reflex: Possible Inhibition by an α₁-Adrenoceptor Blocker in the Conscious and Anesthetized State

Hattori T, Sugaya K, Nishijima , Kadekawa K, Ueda T, Yamamoto H

PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that naftopidil prolongs intercontraction intervals in rats undergoing chronic stress as observed in previous animal models, voiding behavior and bladder function were measured and analyzed. METHODS:...
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Effect of Ginkgo Biloba Extract on N-Methyl-D-Aspartic Acid Receptor Subunit 2B Expression in a Salicylate-Induced Ototoxicity Model

Lee SY, Han SY, Shim YJ, Han JJ, Cho D, Kim JE, Kim YH

OBJECTIVES.: Sodium salicylate (SS) is well known for its ototoxic properties that induce functional and morphological changes in the cochlea and brain. Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) has been widely used...
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Persistent Erectile Dysfunction after Discontinuation of 5-Alpha Reductase Inhibitor Therapy in Rats Depending on the Duration of Treatment

Sung HH, Yu J, Kang SJ, Chae MR, So I, Park JK, Lee SW

PURPOSE: The current study is aimed to assess whether a longer duration of 5α-reductase inhibitor (5α-RI) exposure was associated with higher rate of permanent erectile dysfunction (ED) in a rat...
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Comparison of Improving Effects for Diabetic Erectile Dysfunction according to the Anti-Glycemic Agents: Phlorizin and Insulin

Park J, Kwon O, Cho SY, Cho MC, Paick JS, Kim SW

PURPOSE: To compare the improving effects of diabetic erectile dysfunction with two anti-glycemic agents; phlorizin and insulin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups (n=15 in each...
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Effect of sec-O-glucosylhamaudol on mechanical allodynia in a rat model of postoperative pain

Koh GH, Song H, Kim SH, Yoon MH, Lim KJ, Oh SH, Jung KT

BACKGROUND: This study was performed in order to examine the effect of intrathecal sec-O-glucosylhamaudol (SOG), an extract from the root of the Peucedanum japonicum Thunb., on incisional pain in a...
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