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Effect of saccharin on inflammation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and the related mechanism

Kim HL, Ha AW, Kim WK

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Excessive intake of simple sugars induces obesity and increases the risk of inflammation. Thus, interest in alternative sweeteners as a sugar substitute is increasing. The purpose of this study...
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Epigenetic Regulation of Filaggrin Gene Expression in Human Epidermal Keratinocytes

Lee J, Jang A, Seo SJ, Myung SC

BACKGROUND: Loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene (FLG), which encodes an epidermal protein crucial for the formation of a functional skin barrier, have been identified as a major predisposing factor...
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Effects of Hydrogen Sulfide and Nitric Oxide on the Permeability of Cultured Trabecular Meshwork Cells

Son MS, Baek MJ, Kim JW

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of hydrogen sulfide (Hâ‚‚S) on the permeability of a cultured human trabecular meshwork cells (HTMC) monolayer and its interaction with nitric oxide (NO). METHODS: After exposing...
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Eupatilin downregulates phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-induced MUC5AC expression via inhibition of p38/ERK/JNK MAPKs signal pathway in human airway epithelial cells

Cheon YH, Kim MS, Kim JY, Kim DH, Han SY, Lee JH

Chronic inflammatory airway diseases, such as chronic rhinosinusitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and asthma, are associated with excessive mucus production. Hence, the regulation of mucus production is important for the...
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Inhibition of melanogenesis by sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate

Kim JH, Oh CT, Kwon TR, Kim JH, Bak DH, Kim H, Park WS, Kim BJ

Sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (mesna) is a protective agent that is widely used in medicine because of its antioxidant effects. Recently, reactive oxygen species (ROS) were shown to increase pigmentation. Thus, ROS...
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The MicroRNA hsa-let-7g Promotes Proliferation and Inhibits Apoptosis in Lung Cancer by Targeting HOXB1

Cui F, Zhou Q, Xiao K, Ma S

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to explore the effects of hsa-let-7g on cell proliferation and apoptosis, and elucidate its role in lung cancer development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression...
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Evidence for the Presence of Long-Lived Plasma Cells in Nasal Polyps

Zhang YN, Song J, Zhai GT, Wang H, Luo RZ, Li JX, Liao B, Ma J, Wang H, Lu X, Liu DB, Liu Z

PURPOSE: Plasma cells and immunoglobulins (Igs) play a pivotal role in the induction and maintenance of chronic inflammation in nasal polyps. During secondary immune responses, plasma cell survival and Ig...
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Upregulated Long Noncoding RNA LINC01234 Predicts Unfavorable Prognosis for Colorectal Cancer and Negatively Correlates With KLF6 Expression

Jiang X, Zhu Q, Wu P, Zhou F, Chen J

BACKGROUND: LINC01234, a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), is overexpressed in several cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). We investigated the role of LINC01234 in CRC development and confirmed its correlation with...
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Effect of Diquafosol on Hyperosmotic Stress-induced Tumor Necrosis Factor-α and Interleukin-6 Expression in Human Corneal Epithelial Cells

Kim YH, Yang IJ, Nguyen LT, Gum SI, Yu S, Lee GJ, Kim BA, Jung JC, Park YJ

PURPOSE: Diquafosol is a pharmaceutical drug used for dry eye treatment with a novel mechanism of action. It is a purinergic P2Y2 receptor agonist that promotes the secretion of tears...
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Curcumin Attenuates Acrolein-induced COX-2 Expression and Prostaglandin Production in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells

Lee SE, Park HR, Jeon S, Han D, Park YS

OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is crucial to limiting vascular disease. Previously we reported that acrolein, a known toxin in tobacco smoke, might play an important role in the progression of atherosclerosis via...
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Quantifications of Lipid Kinetics In Vivo Using Stable Isotope Tracer Methodology

Kim IY, Park S, Jang J, Wolfe RR

Like other bodily materials, lipids such as plasma triacylglycerol, cholesterols, and free fatty acids are in a dynamic state of constant turnover (i.e., synthesis, breakdown, oxidation, and/or conversion to other...
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mTOR-coordinated Post-Transcriptional Gene Regulations: from Fundamental to Pathogenic Insights

Yeh HS, Yong J

Post-transcriptional regulations of mRNA transcripts such as alternative splicing and alternative polyadenylation can affect the expression of genes without changing the transcript levels. Recent studies have demonstrated that these post-transcriptional...
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Spatiotemporal expression of RCAN1 and its isoform RCAN1-4 in the mouse hippocampus after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus

Cho KO, Jeong KH, Cha JH, Kim SY

Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) can be induced by an intracellular calcium increase and oxidative stress, which are characteristic features of temporal lobe epilepsy. Thus, we investigated the spatiotemporal expression...
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Inhibitory effect of carvacrol on lipopolysaccharide-induced memory impairment in rats

Lee B, Yeom M, Shim I, Lee H, Hahm DH

Neuroinflammation is an important process underlying a wide variety of neurodegenerative diseases. Carvacrol (CAR) is a phenolic monoterpene commonly used as a food additive due to its antibacterial properties, but...
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Follistatin Mitigates Myofibroblast Differentiation and Collagen Synthesis of Fibroblasts from Scar Tissue around Injured Flexor Tendons

Kang YM, Lee SK, Chun YM, Choi YR, Moon SH, Lee HM, Kang HJ

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of FST gene on the inhibition of fibrosis in fibroblastic cells from scar tissue around repaired zone II flexor...
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Curcumin Inhibits the Proliferation, Migration, Invasion, and Apoptosis of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Cell Line by Regulating MiR-21/VHL Axis

Chen L, Zhan CZ, Wang T, You H, Yao R

PURPOSE: Curcumin exerts its anti-cancer effects, partly by targeting special microRNAs, in human cancers. MiR-21 is a key oncomir in carcinogenesis of multiple human cancers. Here, we aimed to further...
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Particulate Matter 2.5 Causes Deficiency in Barrier Integrity in Human Nasal Epithelial Cells

Xian M, Ma S, Wang K, Lou H, Wang Y, Zhang L, Wang C, Akdis CA

PURPOSE: The effect of air pollution-related particulate matter (PM) on epithelial barrier function and tight junction (TJ) expression in human nasal mucosa has not been studied to date. This study...
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15-Deoxy-Δ(12,14)-prostaglandin J₂ Upregulates the Expression of 15-Hydroxyprostaglandin Dehydrogenase by Inducing AP-1 Activation and Heme Oxygenase-1 Expression in Human Colon Cancer Cells

Park JM, Na HK

BACKGROUND: Abnormal upregulation of prostaglandin Eâ‚‚ (PGEâ‚‚) is considered to be a key oncogenic event in the development and progression of inflammation-associated human colon cancer. It has been reported that...
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Involvement of Up-regulation of Death Receptors and Bim in Hispolon-mediated TNF-related Apoptosis-inducing Ligand Sensitization in Human Renal Carcinoma

Yun JM, Min KJ, Kwon TK

BACKGROUND: Hispolon has been shown to possess antitumor effects in various cancer cells. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, we evaluated the sensitizing effect of...
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Regulation of porcine endogenous retrovirus by dual LTR1+2 (Long Terminal Region) miRNA in primary porcine kidney cells

Chung HC, Nguyen VG, Moon HJ, Park YH, Park BK

Porcine endogenous retroviruses (PERVs) integrate into germline DNA as proviral genome that enables vertical transmission from parents to their offspring. The provirus usually survives as part of the host genome...
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