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Carrier Frequency of Spinal Muscular Atrophy in a Large-scale Korean Population

Park JE, Yun SA, Roh EY, Yoon JH, Shin S, Ki CS

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by progressive proximal muscle weakness and atrophy. Given the recent introduction of gene therapies, knowledge of the SMA carrier frequency...
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Comparison Between the SFTS-QS Kit and the PowerChek SFTSV Real-time PCR Kit for the Detection of Severe Fever With Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus

Yoo IY, Kim JY, Yoon YK, Huh HJ, Lee NY

The recent increase in severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) cases has led to the development of the SFTS-QS kit (MiCoBioMed, Seongnam, Korea) for detecting the SFTS virus (SFTSV, now...
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Role of IL-17A in Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyp

Ryu G, Bae JS, Kim JH, Kim EH, Lyu L, Chung YJ, Mo JH

PURPOSE: Th17-associated inflammation is increased in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyp (CRSwNP), and is associated with disease severity and steroid resistance. Overexpressed interleukin (IL)-17A affects CRSwNP by tissue remodeling, eosinophilic...
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Evaluation of Xpert Carba-R Assay v.2 to Detect Carbapenemase Genes in Two Hospitals in Korea

Byun JH, Kim YA, Kim M, Kim B, Choi JY, Park YS, Yong D

BACKGROUND: As the spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae poses a critical threat to public health, rapid detection of carbapenemase genes is urgently required for prompt initiation of appropriate antimicrobial therapy and...
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Recent Advances in the Diagnosis and Management of Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Tasaka S

In human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is a wellk-nown opportunistic infection and its management has been established. However, PCP is an emerging threat to immunocompromised patients...
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Effect of saccharin on inflammation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and the related mechanism

Kim HL, Ha AW, Kim WK

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Excessive intake of simple sugars induces obesity and increases the risk of inflammation. Thus, interest in alternative sweeteners as a sugar substitute is increasing. The purpose of this study...
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False-Negative Results of Real-Time Reverse-Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2: Role of Deep-Learning-Based CT Diagnosis and Insights from Two Cases

Li D, Wang D, Dong J, Wang N, Huang H, Xu H, Xia C

The epidemic of 2019 novel coronavirus, later named as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is still gradually spreading worldwide. The nucleic acid test or genetic sequencing serves as...
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Identification of Molecular Signatures in Mild Intrinsic Atopic Dermatitis by Bioinformatics Analysis

Yin H, Wang S, Gu C

BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is recognized as a common inflammatory skin disease and frequently occurred in Asian and Black individuals. OBJECTIVE: Since the limitation of dataset associated with human severe AD,...
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Epigenetic Regulation of Filaggrin Gene Expression in Human Epidermal Keratinocytes

Lee J, Jang A, Seo SJ, Myung SC

BACKGROUND: Loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene (FLG), which encodes an epidermal protein crucial for the formation of a functional skin barrier, have been identified as a major predisposing factor...
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Oral health condition according to distribution of periodontopathic bacterial complex

Kim JH, Lee DI, Im SU, Jeon ES, Song KB, Choi YH

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between the distribution of periodontopathic bacteria and oral conditions. METHODS: Stimulated saliva was collected from 162 adults aged 60 years...
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Molecular epidemiology and characterization of Streptococcus mutans strains in Korea

Kim SY, Bae IK, Lee JH, Shin JH, Kim JB

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the characteristics of Streptococcus mutans in the national culture collection from Korea. Twenty-nine (dental plaque, n=27; endodontic infections, n=1; blood, n=1) isolates were included in this study. METHODS:...
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Role of Efflux Pump Gene adeIJK to Multidrug Resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii Clinical Isolates

Choi JA, Kim CM, Jang SJ, Cho SS, Jang CH, Ko YJ, Kang SH, Park G

BACKGROUND: The emergence of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii as a nosocomial pathogen is one of the major public health problems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of...
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Frequency of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Among M. tuberculosis Complex Strains Isolated from Clinical Specimen

Cho H, Kim JB, Uh Y

BACKGROUND: Rapid and accurate detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is of primary importance for infection control and selection of anti-tuberculosis drugs. However, most clinical laboratories report MTB complex (MTC) without...
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Evaluation of Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay for the Simultaneous Detection of Sexually Transmitted Infections Using Swab Specimen

Park SH, Hwang KA, Ahn JH, Nam JH

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are caused by the spread of pathogens via sexual activity and can cause serious complications if left untreated, regardless of their symptoms. Therefore, early diagnosis of...
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Age-specific Prevalence of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus, Porcine Circovirus Type 2, and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae in Korea Pig Farms

Kang I, Ham H

Porcine respiratory disease complex (PRDC) continues to be a significant economic problem to the swine industry. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), and Mycoplasma...
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Case Report of Nodular Fasciitis in the Conjunctiva

Kim JH, Na KS, Park CH, Lee SJ, Oh TH, Kim HS

PURPOSE: We report a case of nodular fasciitis of the conjunctiva that has not been previously reported in the Republic of Korea. CASE SUMMARY: A 18-year-old female patient presented with a...
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Comparison of Clinical Characteristics between Patients with Cytomegalovirus Positive and Negative Hypertensive Uveitis

Kim JH, Lee JY, Choi JA

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical characteristics of hypertensive uveitis patients, with and without cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. METHODS: CMV polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed on the aqueous humor of 61 patients...
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Inhibition of melanogenesis by sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate

Kim JH, Oh CT, Kwon TR, Kim JH, Bak DH, Kim H, Park WS, Kim BJ

Sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (mesna) is a protective agent that is widely used in medicine because of its antioxidant effects. Recently, reactive oxygen species (ROS) were shown to increase pigmentation. Thus, ROS...
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Evaluation of Neo-Osteogenesis in Eosinophilic Chronic Rhinosinusitis Using a Nasal Polyp Murine Model

Khalmuratova R, Lee M, Park JW, Shin HW

PURPOSE: Osteitis refers to the development of new bone formation and remodeling of bone in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients; it is typically associated with eosinophilia, nasal polyps (NPs), and recalcitrant...
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Evidence for the Presence of Long-Lived Plasma Cells in Nasal Polyps

Zhang YN, Song J, Zhai GT, Wang H, Luo RZ, Li JX, Liao B, Ma J, Wang H, Lu X, Liu DB, Liu Z

PURPOSE: Plasma cells and immunoglobulins (Igs) play a pivotal role in the induction and maintenance of chronic inflammation in nasal polyps. During secondary immune responses, plasma cell survival and Ig...
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