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Local Injection of Growth Hormone for Temporomandibular Joint Osteoarthritis

Ok SM, Kim JH, Kim JS, Jeong EG, Park YM, Jeon HM, Heo JY, Ahn YW, Yu SN, Park HR, Kim KH, Ahn SC, Jeong SH

PURPOSE: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) elicits cartilage and subchondral bone defects. Growth hormone (GH) promotes chondrocyte growth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy...
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Effects of Novel Probiotics in a Murine Model of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Chung HG, Min YW, Lee C, Hong SN, Won JY, Jang JA, Kim CH, Chang DK

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dysbiosis is an important factor in the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Several studies have reported promising results using probiotics for the treatment of IBS. This study evaluated...
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Changes in plasma lipoxin A4, resolvins and CD59 levels after ischemic and traumatic brain injuries in rats

Jung JS, Kho AR, Lee SH, Choi BY, Kang SH, Koh JY, Suh SW, Song DK

Ischemic and traumatic brain injuries are the major acute central nervous system disorders that need to be adequately diagnosed and treated. To find biomarkers for these acute brain injuries, plasma...
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MiR-484 Protects Rat Myocardial Cells from Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury by Inhibiting Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 during Apoptosis

Liu H, Li S, Jiang W, Li Y

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To reveal the detail mechanism of miR-484 on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury. METHODS: Rats model of MI/R injury was established based on control (Con; sham operate) group, ischemia-reperfusion...
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Quantification of Fat Concentration and Vascular Response in Brown and White Adipose Tissue of Rats by Spectral CT Imaging

Peng XG, Zhao Z, Chang D, Bai Y, Xu Q, Ju S

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to non-invasively characterize and discriminate brown adipose tissue (BAT) from white adipose tissue (WAT) in rats using spectral computed tomography (CT) with histological...
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Role of MicroRNA-34a in Anti-Apoptotic Effects of Granulocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy

Park IH, Song YS, Joo HW, Shen GY, Seong JH, Shin NK, Cho YJ, Lee Y, Shin JH, Lim YH, Kim H, Kim KS

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the process of cardiomyocyte apoptosis. We have previously reported that granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) ameliorated diastolic dysfunction and attenuated...
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Is platelet-rich plasma improves the anastomotic healing in hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy with oxaliplatin: an experimental rat study

Buk OF, Ocak S, Genc B, Avcı B, Uzuner HO

PURPOSE: Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a novel treatment option for peritoneal surface malignancies. Due to cytotoxic effects of chemotherapeutic agents, anastomosis healing can be impaired and lead to leakage...
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Effect of Sodium Cromoglycate on Acetic Acid-induced Ulcerative Colitis in Mice

Ghafouri Z, Seyyedian , Nikbakht J, Kouhsari E, Bayat S, Zargar H, Houshmand

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that mainly involves the colon. Thus far, glucocorticoids and amino-salicylate have been the main treatment. METHODS: To assess drugs with...
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Comparison of the trometamol-balanced solution with two other crystalloid solutions for fluid resuscitation of a rat hemorrhagic model

Ting WT, Chang RW, Wang CH, Chen YS, Lee JJ

Currently, the optimal resuscitation fluid remains debatable. Therefore, in the present study, we designed a trometamol-balanced solution (TBS) for use as a resuscitation fluid for hemorrhagic shock. Hemorrhagic shock was...
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The effect of cetirizine, a histamine 1 receptor antagonist, on bone remodeling after calvarial suture expansion

Hwang S, Chung CJ, Choi YJ, Kim T, Kim KH

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of cetirizine, a histamine 1 receptor antagonist, on bone remodeling after calvarial suture expansion. METHODS: Sixty male Sprague–Dawley rats were...
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Establishment of NOAEL for intracavernous injections of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in rats

Kim JK, Jang MJ, Kim BH, Choi KR, Song G, Shin HC, Suh N, Kim YM, You D, Ahn TY, Kim CS

PURPOSE: To assess the possible negative health effects of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) on fertility and early embryonic development following intracavernous injections in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A...
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Ezrin-radixin-moesin proteins are regulated by Akt-GSK3β signaling in the rat nucleus accumbens core

Kim WY, Cai WT, Jang JK, Kim JH

The ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) proteins are a family of membrane-associated proteins known to play roles in cell-shape determination as well as in signaling pathways. We have previously shown that amphetamine decreases...
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Decreased inward rectifier and voltage-gated K⁺ currents of the right septal coronary artery smooth muscle cells in pulmonary arterial hypertensive rats

Kim SE, Yin MZ, Kim HJ, Vorn R, Yoo HY, Kim SJ

In vascular smooth muscle, K⁺ channels, such as voltage-gated K⁺ channels (Kv), inward-rectifier K⁺ channels (Kir), and big-conductance Ca²⁺-activated K⁺ channels (BK(Ca)), establish a hyperpolarized membrane potential and counterbalance the...
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Inhibitory effect of carvacrol on lipopolysaccharide-induced memory impairment in rats

Lee B, Yeom M, Shim I, Lee H, Hahm DH

Neuroinflammation is an important process underlying a wide variety of neurodegenerative diseases. Carvacrol (CAR) is a phenolic monoterpene commonly used as a food additive due to its antibacterial properties, but...
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Early reduced bone formation following burn injury in rats is not inversely related to marrow adiposity

El Ayadi A, Helderman , Finnerty C, Herndon DN, Rosen CJ, Klein GL

OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to determine whether postburn reduction of bone formation occurred earlier than 2–3 weeks after burn injury and whether that reduction was inversely related...
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Possible effects of whole body vibration on bone properties in growing rats

Minematsu , Nishii Y, Imagita H, Sakata S

OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of whole body vibration (WBV) on bone properties in growing rats, and to explore the optimal conditions for enhancing bone properties. METHODS: Thirty-six 4-week-old male rats...
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Autophagy localization and cytoprotective role in cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury

Autophagy is a fundamental cellular process that maintains homeostasis and cell integrity, under stress conditions. Although the involvement of autophagy in various conditions has been elucidated, the role of autophagy...
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SYM 2081 Exerts Neuroprotective Effect Modulating Anti-Apoptosis in the Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury of Neonatal Rats

Park JK, Jang YY, Jeong JE, Lee EJ, Choi EJ, Chung HL, Kim WT

OBJECTIVE: SYM 2081 ((2S,4R)-4-methylglutamic acid), an agonist and functional antagonist of the kainite receptor, has shown a neuroprotective effect in neurodegenerative diseases in adults but little is known concerning perinatal...
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Albizzia julibrissin Suppresses Testosterone-induced Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia by Regulating 5α-Reductase Type 2 – Androgen Receptor Pathway

Hong GL, Kim HT, Park SR, Lee NH, Ryu KA, Kim TW, Song GY, Jung JY

Albizzia julibrissin (AJ) is an herbal medicine that shows low toxicity, promotes promoting blood circulation and mitigates the inflammation and has mild side effects. Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is one...
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Improvement in histology, enzymatic activity, and redox state of the liver following administration of Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark oil in rats with established hepatotoxicity

Niknezhad , Sayad-Fathi S, Karimzadeh A, Ghorbani-Anarkooli M, Yousefbeyk F, Nasiri E

Formaldehyde (FA) is an environmentally-available pollutant. Since the liver acts as a detoxifier in the human body, it is the first and most affected organ in individuals exposed to higher-than-normal...
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