J Cancer Prev.  2017 Mar;22(1):6-15. 10.15430/JCP.2017.22.1.6.

Predictive and Prognostic Biomarkers of Respiratory Diseases due to Particulate Matter Exposure

Affiliations
  • 1Institute of Environmental Medicine for Green Chemistry, Department of Life Science, Dongguk Bio-Med Campus, Dongguk University, Goyang, Korea. seoyr@dongguk.edu
  • 2Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Air pollution is getting severe and concerns about its toxicity effects on airway and lung disease are also increasing. Particulate matter (PM) is major component of air pollutant. It causes respiratory diseases, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, and so on. PM particles enter the airway and lung by inhalation, causing damages to them. Especially, PM2.5 can penetrate into the alveolus and pass to the systemic circulation. It can affect the cardiopulmonary system and cause cardiopulmonary disorders. In this review, we focused on PM-inducing toxicity mechanisms in the framework of oxidative stress, inflammation, and epigenetic changes. We also reviewed its correlation with respiratory diseases. In addition, we reviewed biomarkers related to PM-induced respiratory diseases. These biomarkers might be used for disease prediction and early diagnosis. With recent trend of using genomic analysis tools in the field of toxicogenomics, respiratory disease biomarkers associated with PM will be continuously investigated. Effective biomarkers derived from earlier studies and further studies might be utilized to reduce respiratory diseases.

Keyword

Particulate matter; Biomarker; Oxidative stress; Inflammation; Epigenetic change

MeSH Terms

Air Pollution
Asthma
Biomarkers*
Early Diagnosis
Epigenomics
Inflammation
Inhalation
Lung
Lung Diseases
Lung Neoplasms
Oxidative Stress
Particulate Matter*
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Toxicogenetics
Biomarkers
Particulate Matter
Full Text Links
  • JCP
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error