Korean J Nutr.  2004 Jun;37(5):394-405.

A Suggestion to Develop a Nutrition Policy on Food and Nutrition Labeling and Education Systems for Fast Food and Carbonated Soft Drinks in Korea

  • 1Medical Research Institute of Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Korea Food and Nutrition Foundation, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Foodservice Management & Nutrition, Sangmyung University, Seoul, Korea.


The objective of this study is to develop a nutrition policy on food and nutrition labeling and education systems for fast food and carbonated soft drinks in Korea by identifying the fast food and soft drink use and by examining nutrition policies and labeling in Korea and other countries. Fast food is defined as food dispensed quickly at a restaurant generally offering a limited menu of inexpensive items, which may be mostly not nutritious. It is a growing component of the Korean diet, especially on children and adolescent population. Low nutrient dense beverages such as carbonated drinks are also increasing in the children and adolescent's diet in Korea and concern has been raised that these beverages may replace more nutritious beverage and provide empty calories. According to 2001 Korean national health and nutrition survey, fast food and carbonated soft drinks were most popular among 13 - 19 years old adolescents. Thirty six and 72 percent of adolescents consumed hamburger and carbonated beverage equal to or more than once a week, respectively. In United States, all processed food including soft drinks should disclose full nutrition information by nutrition labeling requirement. Restaurant foods are not required to provide nutrition information currently, but legislation on mandatory nutrition labeling of fast foods with other restaurant foods has been proposed currently in US. The sales of foods of minimal nutritional value, such as soft drinks, in the nation's schools is regulated by the United States Department of Agriculture. Nutrition information about fast food in US has been provided by fast food companies, non-profit organizations, hospitals and government through internet, booklet and brochure, etc, but the information is available from only a few resources in Korea. This study suggests a nutrition policy on fast food and soft drink use which includes establishing mandatory nutrition labeling and developing nutrition education materials and programs by web-site, booklet and government and school programs in Korea.


fast food; carbonated beverage; nutrition labeling; nutrition education

MeSH Terms

Carbonated Beverages*
Fast Foods*
Food Labeling*
Nutrition Policy*
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritive Value
Organizations, Nonprofit
United States
United States Department of Agriculture
Young Adult
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