Exp Mol Med.  2000 Dec;32(4):235-242.

Multi-facet expressions of adenylate cyclase isoforms in B16-F10 melanoma cells differentiated by forskolin treatment

  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.


The terminal differentiation of malignant melanoma cells is known to be induced by activating cAMP signaling pathway with alpha-MSH or cAMP analogues. However, sustained activation of cAMP signaling system that induces the differentiation of melanoma cells, also induces the desensitization of the pathway at the receptor level. Nevertheless, the adaptation of adenylate cyclase (AC) expression by sustained activation of cAMP signaling system has not been clearly understood. This study was performed to examine whether the sustained activation of cAMP system induce changes in the expression AC isoforms as an adaptation mechanism. Treatment of B16/F10 murine melanoma cells with 100 mM forskolin for 6 days resulted in differentiation, melanin accumulation and increased expression of tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA. In the forskolin-treated melanoma cells, change in expression of various AC isoform at the transcription level was detected by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Expression of AC isoform mRNA: ACI, III, VI, VII, and IX increased to the level of 196-392% of the control whereas the level of ACII was decreased by 30%. The cAMP concentration was increased both in basal and alpha-MSH stimulated cells, but the AC activity was decreased in the forskolin treated cells. Thus, these results suggest that sustained activation of cAMP system induces differential expression of AC isoforms, which results in increase of cAMP accumulation.


cAMP; adenylate cyclase; cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase; cAMP dependent protein kinase; G protein; RT-PCR

MeSH Terms

Adenylate Cyclase/*genetics
Cell Differentiation
Cyclic AMP/*metabolism
Melanoma, Experimental/*enzymology/*pathology
Signal Transduction
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