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An Alternative Dendritic Cell-Induced Murine Model of Asthma Exhibiting a Robust Th2/Th17-Skewed Response

Park SC, Kim H, Bak Y, Shim D, Kwon KW, Kim CH, Yoon JH, Shin SJ

PURPOSE: Simple and reliable animal models of human diseases contribute to the understanding of disease pathogenesis as well as the development of therapeutic interventions. Although several murine models to mimic...
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Role of IL-17A in Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyp

Ryu G, Bae JS, Kim JH, Kim EH, Lyu L, Chung YJ, Mo JH

PURPOSE: Th17-associated inflammation is increased in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyp (CRSwNP), and is associated with disease severity and steroid resistance. Overexpressed interleukin (IL)-17A affects CRSwNP by tissue remodeling, eosinophilic...
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Comparison of In Vivo Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Vancomycin Products Available in Korea

Kim HK, Choi SM, Kang G, Park KH, Lee DG, Park WB, Rhee SJ, Lee S, Jung SI, Jang HC

PURPOSE: Few studies have been investigated the in vivo efficacy of generic vancomycin products available outside of the United States. In this study, we aimed to compare the in vivo...
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The Influence of Bcl-3 Expression on Cell Migration and Chemosensitivity of Gastric Cancer Cells via Regulating Hypoxia-Induced Protective Autophagy

Hu L, Bai Z, Ma X, Bai N, Zhang Z

PURPOSE: Gastric cancer is a highly metastatic malignant tumor, often characterized by chemoresistance and high mortality. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the role of B-cell lymphoma 3...
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Establishment of a [¹⁸F]-FDG-PET/MRI Imaging Protocol for Gastric Cancer PDX as a Preclinical Research Tool

Bae SW, Berlth F, Jeong KY, Suh YS, Kong SH, Lee HJ, Kim WH, Chung JK, Yang HK

PURPOSE: The utility of 18-fluordesoxyglucose positron emission tomography ([¹⁸F]-FDG-PET) combined with computer tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in gastric cancer remains controversial and a rationale for patient selection is...
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Lovastatin derivative dehydrolovastatin ameliorates ulcerative colitis in mice by suppressing NF-κB and inflammatory cytokine expression

Zhang X, Deng QH, Deng JH, Wang SJ, Chen Q

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is associated with intestinal immune imbalance and inflammatory response. Because dehydrolovastatin (DLVT), a derivative of lovastatin, has been recently shown to inhibit inflammation and relieve immune arthritis...
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Connecting the dots between SHP2 and glutamate receptors

Ryu HH, Kim SY, Lee YS

SHP2 is an unusual protein phosphatase that functions as an activator for several signaling pathways, including the RAS pathway, while most other phosphatases suppress their downstream signaling cascades. The physiological...
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Epithelial PI3K-δ Promotes House Dust Mite-Induced Allergic Asthma in NLRP3 Inflammasome-Dependent and -Independent Manners

Kim SR, Park HJ, Lee KB, Kim HJ, Jeong JS, Cho SH, Lee YC

PURPOSE: Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-δ-dependent Akt activation is known to play critical roles in various immune responses of white blood cells in which PI3K-δ isoform is mostly expressed in contrast to...
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Evaluation of Neo-Osteogenesis in Eosinophilic Chronic Rhinosinusitis Using a Nasal Polyp Murine Model

Khalmuratova R, Lee M, Park JW, Shin HW

PURPOSE: Osteitis refers to the development of new bone formation and remodeling of bone in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients; it is typically associated with eosinophilia, nasal polyps (NPs), and recalcitrant...
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Upregulated Long Noncoding RNA LINC01234 Predicts Unfavorable Prognosis for Colorectal Cancer and Negatively Correlates With KLF6 Expression

Jiang X, Zhu Q, Wu P, Zhou F, Chen J

BACKGROUND: LINC01234, a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), is overexpressed in several cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). We investigated the role of LINC01234 in CRC development and confirmed its correlation with...
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IL-17-Producing Cells in Tumor Immunity: Friends or Foes?

Kuen DS, Kim BS, Chung Y

IL-17 is produced by RAR-related orphan receptor gamma t (RORγt)-expressing cells including Th17 cells, subsets of γδT cells and innate lymphoid cells (ILCs). The biological significance of IL-17-producing cells is...
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Re-defining T-Cell Exhaustion: Subset, Function, and Regulation

Im SJ, Ha SJ

Acute viral infection or vaccination generates highly functional memory CD8 T cells following the Ag resolution. In contrast, persistent antigenic stimulation in chronic viral infection and cancer leads to a...
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A Novel Pancreatic Imaging Window for Stabilized Longitudinal In Vivo Observation of Pancreatic Islets in Murine Model

Park I, Hong S, Hwang Y, Kim P

Longitudinal imaging of murine pancreas is technically challenging due to the mechanical softness of the tissue influenced by peristalsis. Here, we report a novel pancreatic imaging window for long-term stabilized...
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Evogliptin, a Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitor, Attenuates Renal Fibrosis Caused by Unilateral Ureteral Obstruction in Mice

Kim MJ, Kim NY, Jung YA, Lee S, Jung GS, Kim JG, Lee IK, Lee S, Choi YK, Park KG

Renal fibrosis is considered to be the final common outcome of chronic kidney disease. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors have demonstrated protective effects against diabetic kidney disease. However, the anti-fibrotic effect...
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Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 Attenuates Diabetes-Induced Renal Fibrosis by Negatively Regulating TGF-β-p53-Smad2/3-Mediated Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition via Activation of AKT

Lin S, Yu L, Ni Y, He L, Weng X, Lu X, Zhang C

BACKGROUND: Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is required for renal fibrosis, which is a characteristic of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Our previous study demonstrated that fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) prevented DN associated...
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Cytocompatibility and cell proliferation evaluation of calcium phosphate-based root canal sealers

Mestieri L, Zaccara IM, Pinheiro L, Barletta F, Kopper PM, Grecca FS

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the cell viability and migration of Endosequence Bioceramic Root Canal Sealer (BC Sealer) compared to MTA Fillapex and AH Plus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BC Sealer,...
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Effect of Sodium Cromoglycate on Acetic Acid-induced Ulcerative Colitis in Mice

Ghafouri Z, Seyyedian , Nikbakht J, Kouhsari E, Bayat S, Zargar H, Houshmand

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that mainly involves the colon. Thus far, glucocorticoids and amino-salicylate have been the main treatment. METHODS: To assess drugs with...
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Restoration of the inflammatory gene expression by horse oil in DNCB-treated mice skin

Lee JC, Park GR, Choi BS, Lee Y, Han CH

The present study evaluated the anti-inflammatory effect of horse oil in 2, 4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-treated BALB/c mice. After the application of DNCB, the mice showed atopic dermatitis symptoms, including severe erythema,...
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Derivation of endothelial cells from porcine induced pluripotent stem cells by optimized single layer culture system

Wei R, Lv J, Li X, Li Y, Xu Q, Jin J, Zhang Y, Liu Z

Regenerative therapy holds great promise in the development of cures of some untreatable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, and pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) including induced PSCs (iPSCs) are the most...
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Fluoxetine Induces Apoptotic and Oxidative Neuronal Death Associated with The Influx of Copper Ions in Cultured Neuronal Cells

Hwang S, Kim JK

We examined the effect of fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant, on neuronal viability in mouse cortical near-pure neuronal cultures. Addition of fluoxetine to the media for 24 hours...
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