Ann Geriatr Med Res.  2018 Mar;22(1):43-45. 10.4235/agmr.2018.22.1.43.

Superficial Siderosis of the Central Nervous System due to Spinal Ependymoma

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurology, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Incheon, Korea. limbic@catholic.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Radiology, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Incheon, Korea.

Abstract

A 75-year-old woman presented with a 3-year history of progressive hearing loss, gait ataxia, and cognitive impairment. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a time gradient echo sequence showed deposition of hemosiderin along the surface of the cerebral cortex, brainstem, and cerebellum, as well as severe atrophy in the diffuse cerebral cortex and cerebellum. We established the diagnosis of superficial siderosis of the central nervous system on the grounds of former pathognomonic MRI findings. The thoraco-lumbar spine MRI demonstrated a myxopapillary ependymoma in the T11-L2 spinal canal that was considered to be the cause of a chronic subarachnoid hemorrhage, affecting the leptomeninges and subpial layers of the central nervous system.

Keyword

Siderosis; Ependymoma; Spinocerebellar ataxia
Full Text Links
  • AGMR
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2021 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr