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Surgical Outcomes of Dysphagia Provoked by Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis in the Cervical Spine

Chung YS, Zhang HY, Ha Y, Park JY

PURPOSE: This study aimed to predict the surgical outcomes of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH)-related dysphagia (DISH-phagia) and to evaluate the importance of prevertebral soft tissue thickness (PVST). MATERIALS AND METHODS:...
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Review of Physician Referrals to Orthopedic Spine versus Neurosurgery

Malige A, Yuh R, Yellapu V, Lands V, Woods B, Sokunbi G

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported what patients value while choosing their surgeon, but there are no studies exploring the patterns of referral to spine surgeons among primary care physicians (PCPs)....
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Reference Intervals for Bone Turnover Markers in Korean Healthy Women

Cho DH, Chung JO, Chung MY, Cho JR, Chung DJ

BACKGROUND: Adequate suppression of bone turnover rate is important to decrease fracture risk without mineralization defect due to oversuppression. This study was performed to determine reference intervals (RIs) for 2...
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Effect of Osteoporosis Medication on Fracture Healing: An Evidence Based Review

Shin YH, Shin WC, Kim JW

A systematic search was conducted and relevant studies that evaluated the influence of osteoporosis medications (bisphosphonates [BPs], denosumab, selective estrogen receptor modulators [SERMs], recombinant human parathyroid hormone teriparatide [TPTD], and...
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Diagnosis and Treatment of Brown Tumor

Cho YJ, Cho YM, Na SM, Jung ST

PURPOSE: Brown tumor is a tumor-like disease that can occur as a linked disease of hyperparathyroidism which can causes osteoporosis, osteitis fibrosa cystica, pathologic fractures. Brown tumor has been reported...
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The association of potassium intake with bone mineral density and the prevalence of osteoporosis among older Korean adults

Ha J, Kim SA, Lim K, Shin S

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass and results in vulnerability to fracture. Calcium and vitamin D are known to play an important role in bone health. Recently, potassium...
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MicroRNA-10b Plays a Role in Bone Formation by Suppressing Interleukin-22 in Ankylosing Spondylitis

Park PR, Jo S, Jin SH, Kim TJ

OBJECTIVE: The microRNA (miR)-10b is the T helper (Th) 17 cell specific in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The interleukin (IL)-22, which is closely related to Th17 cells, has been...
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Web-Based Spine Segmentation Using Deep Learning in Computed Tomography Images

Kim YJ, Ganbold B, Kim KG

OBJECTIVES: Back pain, especially lower back pain, is experienced in 60% to 80% of adults at some points during their lives. Various studies have found that lower back pain is...
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Various MRI Findings of Toxocara canis Myelitis

Park SY, Park KS, Lee E, Lee JW, Bae YJ, Kang Y, Ahn JM, Kang HS

PURPOSE: To describe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in 10 cases of Toxocara canis myelitis and to analyze these findings to aid in the diagnosis of this condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS:...
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Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Spine

Yoon YC

In this study, we evaluated the technical characteristics and usefulness of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for discrimination between benign and malignant vertebral fractures, for detection and differentiation of multiple myeloma...
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Comparison of three midsagittal planes for three-dimensional cone beam computed tomography head reorientation

Lee EH, Yu HS, Lee KJ, Han SS, Jung HD, Hwang CJ

OBJECTIVE: This study compared three prominent midsagittal planes (MSPs) to identify the MSP that best approximates the true symmetrical MSP. METHODS: Forty-three patients (mean age, 23.0 ± 8.20 years) were grouped...
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Development and Validation of a Deep Learning System for Segmentation of Abdominal Muscle and Fat on Computed Tomography

Park HJ, Shin Y, Park J, Kim H, Lee IS, Seo DW, Huh J, Lee TY, Park T, Lee J, Kim KW

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop and validate a deep learning system for fully automated segmentation of abdominal muscle and fat areas on computed tomography (CT) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A fully...
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β-Sitosterol treatment attenuates cognitive deficits and prevents amyloid plaque deposition in amyloid protein precursor/presenilin 1 mice

Ye JY, Li L, Hao QM, Qin Y, Ma CS

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder causing dementia worldwide, and is mainly characterized by aggregated β-amyloid (Aβ). Increasing evidence has shown that plant extracts have the potential...
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3D Printer Application for Endoscope-Assisted Spine Surgery Instrument Development: From Prototype Instruments to Patient-Specific 3D Models

Yang HS, Park JY

Developing new surgical instruments is challenging. While making surgical instruments could be a good field of application for 3D printers, attempts to do so have proven limited. We designed a...
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Spontaneous Healing of Multiple Penetration Wounds Induced by Cactus Spines

Park SW, Jung ES, Nam KH, Park J, Yun SK

  • KMID: 2465957
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 2019 Sep;57(8):484-487.
Cactus spines can easily puncture the skin with only minor pressure. Removal of the offending cactus spine is the treatment of choice; however, it is very difficult, even with tweezers....
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Relationships between Spinal Sarcopenia and Spinal Sagittal Balance in Older Women

Kim DH, Lee SY, Park SJ, Lee YS

BACKGROUND: Spinal sarcopenia is receiving renewed attention as a cause of spinal sagittal imbalance. However, the relationships between spinal sarcopenia and spinal sagittal balance (SSB) have not been thoroughly investigated....
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Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion for Hirayama Disease: a Case Report and Literature Review

Kuo YH, Kuo CH, Huang WC, Wu JC

Hirayama disease, a juvenile muscular atrophy of the distal upper extremity, is a rare form of cervical flexion myelopathy characterized by insidiously progressive weakness of the hands and forearm muscles...
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Swallowing Function Following Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion with and Without Anterior Plating: a SWAL-QOL (Swallowing-Quality of Life) and Radiographic Assessment

Haws BE, Khechen B, Patel DV, Yoo JS, Guntin JA, Cardinal K, Singh K

OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical plating in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedures are associated with improved outcomes compared to stand-alone cages. However, concerns exist regarding increased rates of postoperative dysphagia...
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Preservation Versus Elimination of Segmental Motion in Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery

Huang WC, Wu JC

No abstract available.
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Epidemiology of C5 Palsy after Cervical Spine Surgery: a 21-Center Study

Oh JK, Hong JT, Kang DH, Kim SW, Kim SW, Kim YJ, Chung CK, Shin JJ, Yi S, Lee JK, Lee JH, Lee CH, Lee HJ, Chun HJ, Cho DC, Cho YE, Jin YJ, Choi KC, Han IH, Hyun SJ, Hur JW, Kim KJ

OBJECTIVE: C5 palsy is a severe complication after cervical spine surgery, the pathophysiology of which remains unclear. This multicenter study investigated the incidence of C5 palsy following cervical spine surgery...
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