J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2008 Dec;19(4):636-648.

The Processes of Habituating to Smoking among Teenagers

Affiliations
  • 1Seoul National University, Korea. esuh@snu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Nursing, Yeojoo Institute of Technology, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The smoking rates among teenagers in Korea grow gradually since 1980s despite of the numerous programs for youth smoking prevention and cessation have been developed and implemented. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the processes of habituating to smoking among teenagers using the grounded theory methodology. METHOD: Qualitative data was collected via six focus group interviews. A total of 38 people, twelve teachers and 24 middle school students participated in this study. All focus group interviews were tape-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed according to the grounded theory methodology.
RESULTS
The overriding theme of the elicited grounded theory was "stepping into a quagmire by a merest chance". The student participants began smoking by a simple chance. The contingent factors to starting smoking were "discord within the family", "family member's smoking", "schoolwork stresses", or "a rebellious spirit". The conditions of smoking included accessibility, going around in group, and the lack of discipline. "Stigmatizing", "involved in mob violence", and "making a poor academic record" coexisted as the covariance of the smoking habituation.
CONCLUSION
The findings of this study illustrated the comprehensive and insightful picture of the phenomena under investigation. Nursing implications and further directions for research were discussed.

Keyword

Teenagers; Smoking; Focus Group Interview; Cigarette

MeSH Terms

Adolescent*
Focus Groups
Humans
Korea
Nursing
Smoke*
Smoking*
Tobacco Products
Smoke
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