J Korean Acad Adult Nurs.  2009 Aug;21(4):391-402.

Predictors of Transition in the Stage of Change for Smoking Cessation of Male University Students

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Hanseo University, Korea. bkcha@hanseo.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted to identify predictors of the stage of change for smoking cessation of male university students on the basis of the Transtheoretical model (TTM).
METHODS
The 388 current smokers or exsmokers who agreed to participate were recruited from three areas in Korea from August 2 to September 5, 2006. Data was analyzed using a SPSS program for descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and multiple logistic regression.
RESULTS
Most subjects (76.8%) were current smokers. According to stages of change, there were statistically significant differences in self efficacy, smoking temptation, decisional balance (cons, pros), and processes of change. The predictors of transition from contemplation to preparation were behavioral and experiential processes. The predictors of transition from preparation to action were pros of smoking and experiential process. The predictors of transition from action to maintenance were cons of smoking and behavioral process.
CONCLUSION
Specific nursing interventions based on stages of change need to be developed for smoking cessation of male university students.

Keyword

University; Students; Smoking cessation

MeSH Terms

Humans
Korea
Male
Self Efficacy
Smoke
Smoking
Smoking Cessation
Smoke
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