J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2007 Sep;18(3):431-440.

Stages and Processes of Smoking Cessation among High School Students in Rural Community

Affiliations
  • 1Chil-gok Health Center, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Korea.
  • 3Department of Nursing, Inha University, Korea. okkyung@inha.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to describe stage distribution of current and former smokers and to analyze significant variables that used by adolescents at each stage using the Transtheoretical Model.
METHODS
A cross-sectional study was performed with 145 students attended to five high schools in one rural area. The survey instruments included stages and processes of change, decisional balance, self-efficacy, and knowledge related to smoking.
RESULTS
Among the participants, 47.6% were in the precontemplation and contemplation stages, 20.7% were in the preparation stage, and the other 31.7% were in the action and maintenance stages. Analysis of variance tests revealed that behavioral processes, pros and cons of smoking, and self-efficacy were significantly associated with the stages of smoking cessation, while among 10 processes of change, self-reevaluation, self-liberation, and reinforcement management were significantly different by the stages.
CONCLUSIONS
The study results suggest that smoking cessation programs should emphasize behavioral strategies, self-efficacy, and decisional balance to help students adopt and maintain smoking cessation

Keyword

Transtheoretical Model; Smoking Cessation; Adolescents

MeSH Terms

Adolescent
Cross-Sectional Studies
Humans
Rural Population*
Smoke
Smoking
Smoking Cessation*
Smoke
Full Text Links
  • JKACHN
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr