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The Effect of Smoking on the Outcomes of Vascularized Bone Graft Surgery in Scaphoid Nonunion through Meta-analysis

Kwon YW, Kim DH

Purpose: A vascularized bone graft is an option showing a good result to treat scaphoid nonunion. The analysis of the effects of smoking, which affects vascular and union of fracture,...
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Behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy for relapse prevention in abstinent smokers: a rapid review and meta-analysis for the Korea Preventive Service Task Force

Lee N, Lee ES, Yun JM, Lee CM, Oh SW, Choi Y, Cho B

Objectives This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of relapse prevention interventions involving behavioral and pharmacological treatment among abstinent smokers. Methods This rapid review was conducted using MEDLINE, Cochrane CENTRAL, CINAHL, Embase, KMbase,...
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A study on depression among adolescents with asthma in South Korea using the 15th Korea Youth Risk Behaviour Web-Based Survey

Park JH, Kim MJ

Purpose: This study investigated the factors that influence depression in adolescents diagnosed with asthma in South Korea, providing basic data supporting efforts to improve adolescents' mental health. Methods: Multiple regression analysis...
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Trend in Prevalence of Smoking and Motivation to Quit among Korean Adult Male Cancer Survivors over the Last 8 Years: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V–VII (2010–2017)

Cheon SW, Park SG, Yoo SM, Kim HE, Kim HJ

Background: This study aimed to investigate trends in the prevalence of current smokers and motivation to quit among Korean male cancer survivors. Methods: Out of 20,012 men who participated in the...
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Dose-Dependent Effect of Smoking on Risk of Diabetes Remains after Smoking Cessation: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study in Korea

Park SE, Seo MH, Cho JH, Kwon H, Kim YH, Han KD, Jung JH, Park YG, Rhee EJ, Lee WY

Background: This study aimed to evaluate the dose-dependent effects of smoking on risk of diabetes among those quitting smoking. Methods: We analyzed clinical data from a total of 5,198,792 individuals age...
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Analysis of Factors Affecting the Intention to Quit Smoking in Stroke Patients

Youn J, Shin MK

Purpose: This study aimed to analyze factors affecting the intention to quit smoking in stroke patients. Methods: A descriptive approach was taken in this study. Structured questionnaires including subjects' characteristics,...
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Associations between Cigarette and Electronic Cigarette Use and Sleep Health in Korean Adolescents: An Analysis of the 14th (2018) Korea Youth Risk Behavior Surveys

Lee BG, Lee H

Purpose: This study aimed to understand the relationship between cigarette and electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and sleep health among Korean adolescents. Methods: Using the 14th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey,...
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Association between Electronic Cigarettes, Conventional Cigarettes, and Dual Use and Inflammation and Oxidative Stress: The Seventh Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016–2018

Seo Hj, Kim Jh, Kim Sa, Shin Wy, Lee Jw, Cho SH

Background: The rate of e-cigarette use is increasing due to the perception that there is a smoking cessation effect and that there is relatively low harm; most users use e-cigarettes in...
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Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Thyroid Cancer: Meta-Analysis

Lee JH, Chai YJ, Yi KH

Background: Although smoking is generally carcinogenic, its effect on thyroid cancers is still subject to controversy. The purpose of this study was to summarize the role of smoking in relation...
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Behavioral interventions for smoking cessation among adolescents: a rapid review and meta-analysis for the Korea Preventive Services Task Force

Choi Y, Lee CM, Cho B, Lee ES, Oh SW, Lee N, Yun JM

Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of behavioral smoking cessation interventions among adolescents. Methods MEDLINE, CENTRAL, Embase, CINAHL, KoreaMed, and KMbase were searched from inception to June 2020....
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Effectiveness of Integrated Change Model-based Smoking Cessation Program for High School Students

Lee HS, Kim SH

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to develop and to evaluate the effectiveness of the I-change model-based smoking cessation program for vocational high school students. Methods: A non-equivalent control group...
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Effect of Varenicline on Tardive Dyskinesia: A Pilot Study

Caroff SN, Gutman AR, Northrop J, Leong SH, Berkowitz RM, Campbell EC

Objective: Although evidence implicates striatal cholinergic impairment as a mechanism underlying tardive dyskinesia, trials of nonspecific cholinergic agents have been inconclusive. As a partial agonist at specific nicotinic receptor subtypes,...
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Nicotine Dependence Evaluated by Urinary Cotinine and Heaviness of Smoking Index among Smokers, Vapers, and Dual Users: A Cross-Sectional Study Using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data

Hwang JS, Lee CM, Lee K, Kim CY

Background: Many people use both combustible cigarette (CC) and electronic cigarette (EC). We compared nicotine dependence among CC, EC, and dual users using questionnaires and urinary cotinine levels. Methods: Data from...
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Association between Time to First Cigarette and Health-Related Quality of Life of Middle-Aged Male Current Smokers: A Nationwide Representative Study in Korea

Jo SE, Hwang HR, Kim YJ, Lee SY, Lee JG, Yi YH, Cho YH, Tak YJ, Lee SH, Park EJ, Lee Y

Background: Although many studies have demonstrated that the first cigarette in the morning increases the prevalence of smoking-related morbidity, limited studies have examined the impact of time to first cigarette...
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Social Network Analysis of an Online Smoking Cessation Community to Identify Users’ Smoking Status

Shah AM, Yan X, Qayyum A

Objectives: Users share valuable information through online smoking cessation communities (OSCCs), which help people maintain and improve smoking cessation behavior. Although OSCC utilization is common among smokers, limitations exist in...
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Meta-analysis of the effects of smoking prevention programs for young adolescents

Song R, Park M

Purpose: This meta-analysis aimed to analyze the effects of smoking prevention programs for young adolescents at early smoking stages to identify the appropriate characteristics of prevention programs for this population. Methods:...
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Effects of Mental Health and Drinking Behavior on Youth Smoking: Using the 2019 Youth Health Behavior Survey

Lee T, Lee M, Shin M, Kim S

Background: Using the results of the 2019 Youth Health Behavior Survey, this study examines youth mental health and drinking behaviors and their impact on youth smoking to suggest appropriate control...
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Gender-Dependent Reference Range of Serum Calcitonin Levels in Healthy Korean Adults

Song E, Jeon MJ, Yoo HJ, Bae SJ, Kim TY, Kim WB, Shong YK, Kim HK, Kim WG

Background: Serum calcitonin measurement contains various clinical and methodological aspects. Its reference level is wide and unclear despite sensitive calcitonin kits are available. This study aimed to identify the specific...
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Smoking History and Clinical Features of Cluster Headache: Results from the Korean Cluster Headache Registry

Chung PW, Kim BS, Park JW, Sohn JH, Lee MJ, Kim BK, Chu MK, Ahn JY, Choi YJ, Song TJ, Bae DW, Kim D, Kim JM, Kim SK, Park KY, Chung JM, Moon HS, Oh K, Chung CS, Cho SJ

Background and Purpose Epidemiologic data suggest that cluster headache (CH) is significantly associated with cigarette smoking. The aim of this study was to determine differences in features between patients with...
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Association between Second-hand Smoke Exposure and Urinary NNAL Level in Korean Adolescents

You HS, Lee Jw, Kim Ys, Kim Y, Lee HC, Hwang JY, Yang W, Kang HT

Background: The 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL) is a metabolite of tobacco-specific lung carcinogen that can be found in both smokers and non-smokers. Particularly, NNAL levels of children with a history of exposure to...
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