J Korean Acad Nurs.  2005 Aug;35(5):904-913.

Differences in Processes of Change, Decisional Balance, and Temptation Across the Stages of Change for Smoking Cessation

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Dongguk University, Gyeongsangbook-do, Korea. sonhm@mail.dongguk.ac.kr.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate smoking cessation behavior of male taxi drivers in Korea on the basis of the Transtheoretical model(TTM), and to validate the usefulness of TTM. METHOD: Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire including smoking history and major factors of TTM from 208 subjects who were current smokers or ex-smokers. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and ANOVA. RESULT: Most subjects (85.1%) were current smokers. Stages of change were precontemplation (44.7%) and contemplation (27.4%). Subjects in precontemplation stages had the lowest mean score in processes of change and the highest mean scores in decisional balance(pros) and temptation(positive affective, habitual/craving). According to stages of change, there were statistically significant differences in processes of change, decisional balance, and temptation. CONCLUSION: This study supported the generalization of TTM. As this study showed that the subjects didn't have motivation in smoking cessation, applying tailored smoking cessation programs for taxi drivers is needed.


MeSH Terms

Smoking Cessation/*psychology
*Motivation
Models, Psychological
Middle Aged
Male
Korea
Humans
*Decision Making
Aged
Adult
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