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Hospitalization Due to Asthma Exacerbation: A China Asthma Research Network (CARN) Retrospective Study in 29 Provinces Across Mainland China

Lin J, Xing B, Tang H, Yang L, Yuan Y, Gu Y, Chen P, Liu X, Zhang J, Liu H, Wang C, Zhou W, Sun D, Chen Y, Chen Z, Huang M, Lin Q, Hu C, Yang X, Huo J, Ye X, Zhou X, Jiang P, Zhang W, Huang Y, Dai L, Liu R, Cai S, Xu J, Zhou J, on behalf of China Asthma Research Network

PURPOSE: Details of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation in mainland China are lacking. To improve disease control and reduce economic burden, a large sample survey among this patient population is...
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Smoking Cessation as a Target of Arterial Destiffening

Park JS

No abstract available.
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Dose-Response Association between Smoking Cessation and Arterial Stiffness: The Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center (CMERC) Cohort

Lee GB, Shim JS, Kim HC

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cigarette smoking has been reported to be associated with arterial stiffness. However, the clinical relevance of smoking cessation on arterial stiffness is debatable. Thus, we evaluated whether...
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Phlegmonous Gastritis Caused by Penetration of a Toothpick

Rim CB, Kim SM

Phlegmonous gastritis is a disease caused by a bacterial infection of the gastric wall. This condition is rare, but when it does occur, its prognosis appears to be poor. The...
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Acquired Strabismus and Diplopia as Initial Presentation Signs of Hyperthyroidism and Thyroid Eye Disease

Chung SM, Kim WJ

PURPOSE: We evaluated the clinical characteristics of patients who recently acquired strabismus and diplopia as the initial presentations of hyperthyroidism and thyroid eye disease (TED). METHODS: The medical records of patients...
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Associations of Perirenal Fat Thickness with Renal and Systemic Calcified Atherosclerosis

Koo BK, Denenberg , Wright CM, Criqui MH, Allison MA

BACKGROUND: We investigated associations between perirenal fat thickness and atherosclerotic calcification in six different vascular beds. METHODS: Using a community-based cohort (n=3,919), perirenal fat thickness was estimated from computed tomography scans....
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Thyroid-Associated Orbitopathy: Evaluating Microstructural Changes of Extraocular Muscles and Optic Nerves Using Readout-Segmented Echo-Planar Imaging-Based Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Chen HH, Hu H, Chen W, Cui D, Xu XQ, Wu FY, Yang T

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the ability of readout-segmented echo-planar imaging (rs-EPI)-based diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in assessing the microstructural change of extraocular muscles (EOMs) and optic nerves in patients...
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Factors Affecting Quality of Life and Satisfaction in Patients with Arthritis after Change to a Fixed-Dose Naproxen/Esomeprazole Combination Drug

Park D, Kwon Y

BACKGROUND: In drug therapy for patients with arthritis, a naproxen/esomeprazole combination drug may be a tolerable choice because it can minimize gastrointestinal and cardiovascular adverse effects. The aim of this...
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Relation between the Total Diet Quality based on Korean Healthy Eating Index and the Incidence of Metabolic Syndrome Constituents and Metabolic Syndrome among a Prospective Cohort of Korean Adults

Shin S, Lee S

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association of the total diet quality with the incidence risk of metabolic syndrome constituents and metabolic syndrome among Korean adults. METHODS: Based on a community-based cohort...
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Food habits, health behaviors related to the personality in Korean college students

Kim N, Kim J, Kye S

PURPOSE: This study identified the relationship between dietary habits and health-related behaviors depending on the Big Five personality factors (extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism). METHODS: The NEO-II test was administered to...
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Incidence and Risk Factors for Dementia in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Nationwide Population-Based Study in Korea

Yu JH, Han K, Park S, Cho H, Lee DY, Kim JW, Seo JA, Kim SG, Baik SH, Park YG, Choi KM, Kim SM, Kim NH

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of dementia. We aimed to comprehensively analyze the incidence and risk factors for dementia and young-onset dementia (YOD) in diabetic patients...
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E-cigarette from the point of view of harm reduction

Cheong YS

One person dies every six seconds from a smoking-related disease and this problem is likely to worsen. While many people try to quit smoking on their own or with using...
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Evolution of tobacco products

Lee S, Kim J

Tobacco products are rapidly evolving. Since the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control came to effect in 2005, the parties of the treaty have been aiming to control...
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Tobacco control policy on the electronic cigarette

Paek YJ

E-cigarettes, or electronic nicotine delivery systems, are popular among smokers who are looking for a less harmful alternative to conventional tobacco, and the use of e-cigarettes is affected by existing...
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Macular Pigment Optical Density in the Korean Population: a Cross Sectional Study

Hong IH, Jung WH, Lee JH, Chang IB

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the macular pigment optical density (MPOD) with age in the Korean population using the Macular Pigment Screener II (MPSII®). METHODS: One hundred and twenty-six eyes were retrospectively reviewed....
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Current Anticoagulant Usage Patterns and Determinants in Korean Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation

Ha HS, Kim J, Lee YS, Kim TH, Lee JM, Park J, Park JK, Kang KW, Shim J, Uhm JS, Park HW, Cha MJ, Choi EK, Kim J, Kim JB, Kim C, Joung B

PURPOSE: Stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is influenced by many factors. Using a contemporary registry, we evaluated variables associated with the use of warfarin or direct oral...
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Curcumin Attenuates Acrolein-induced COX-2 Expression and Prostaglandin Production in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells

Lee SE, Park HR, Jeon S, Han D, Park YS

OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is crucial to limiting vascular disease. Previously we reported that acrolein, a known toxin in tobacco smoke, might play an important role in the progression of atherosclerosis via...
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Nationwide Cross-sectional Study of Association between Pterygium and Alkaline Phosphatase in a Population from Korea

Kim HJ, Rah SH, Kim SW, Kim SH

PURPOSE: We determined whether elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) was related to prevalence, location, type, length, and recurrence of pterygium in a population from the Republic of Korea. METHODS: A nationwide...
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Association between Body Mass Index and Prevalence of Asthma in Korean Adults

Kang M, Sohn SJ, Shin MH

We evaluated the association between body mass index (BMI) and the prevalence of asthma. Using data from the 2015 Korean Community Health Survey, 214,971 participants aged between 19 and 106...
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Cigarette Smoking in Men and Women and Electronic Cigarette Smoking in Men are Associated with Higher Risk of Elevated Cadmium Level in the Blood

Lee JW, Kim Y, Kim Y, Yoo H, Kang HT

BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between blood concentration of cadmium and smoking status including use of electronic cigarettes (E-cigars). METHODS: We used data from the Korea National Health and Nutritional Survey...
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