J Korean Acad Adult Nurs.  1997 Dec;9(3):495-504.

A Study of the Relationship between Adolescent's Self Reported Cigarette Smoking and Urine Cotinine Level

Abstract

This descriptive study was conducted to investigate the factors related to adolescent's smoking and to find out relationship between their self reported cigarette smoking and urine cotinine level. The subjects for this study were 68 adolescents attending in a technical high school located in Seoul. The data was collected from April 1 to June 13, 1996 using a questionnaire and their urine was collected simultaneously for the cotinine analysis. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, GLM, Pearson Correlation using SAS program. The results of the study can be summarized as follows: 1. Those subject who spend more than 2 hours each day with smoking friends, who spends more than 30,000 won from their parent's stipends each month, two recognize their smoking behavior can be accepted by their parents, who drink alcohol, smokes significantly mor than those subjects who spend less than 2 hours each day with smoking friends, have less than 30,000 won from their parent's stipends each month, recognizes their parents will be very upset for their smoking behavior, who do not drink alcohol( self report: 94, p=.004; t=3.875, p=.003; t=4.46, p=.003; t=4.08, p=.006, urine cotinine; t=2.678, p=.009; t=33.229, p=.002; t=2.84, p=.005; t=3.29, p=.003). 2. There were positive correlation between their self report of cigarette smoking and urine cotinine level in all groups regardless of ; having religion, level of satisfaction to school, length of time spent with smoking friends, amount of stipend each month, parent's response to their smoking behavior, drinking habits. However there was no relationship between their self report of cigarette smoking and urine cotinine level in a group who smoke more than 11 cigarettes each day. The findings of this study reveals that adolescents can provide fairly honest self reports of their cigarette smoking if trusting relationships can be established between the researcher and the subjects.

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