J Korean Acad Adult Nurs.  2006 Dec;18(5):737-745.

Cigarette Smoking, Stage of Smoking Cessation, Nicotine Dependency, and Urine Nicotine Among Smoking Adults with Diabetes

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing Science, Ewha Womans University, Korea. OHONG@ewha.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the level of smoking, process of smoking cessation, and nicotine dependency, and urine nicotine among adults with diabetes which are smokers and to examine the relationship among those variables. METHOD: The subjects consisted of 62 adult men smokers with diabetes mellitus. FTQ and NicCheck 1 were used to measure the level of nicotine dependence. The amount of cigarette smoking was measured by the number of cigarette packs use per week. The stage of smoking cessation was measured by the Prochaska's method.
RESULTS
The Subjects smoked cigarettes with a mean of 5.97 packages per week. Seventy-seven percent of the subjects had a nicotine dependency. Fifty-two percent had a high level of nicotine dependency in urine nicotine. Nineteen percent were in the precontemplation stage. The level of cigarette consumption was related to nicotine dependence and urine nicotine. Also, nicotine dependency was related to urine nicotine.
CONCLUSION
A tailored smoking cessation program is needed to prevent the chronic complication for diabetes smokers. Self-reported smoking and nicotine dependency seemed to do equally well as NicCheck 1 in assessing nicotine intake.

Keyword

Diabetes; Cigarette smoking; Nicotine

MeSH Terms

Adult*
Diabetes Mellitus
Humans
Male
Nicotine*
Smoke*
Smoking Cessation*
Smoking*
Tobacco Products*
Tobacco Use Disorder
Surveys and Questionnaires
Nicotine
Smoke
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