J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg.  2010 Jun;36(3):172-176. 10.5125/jkaoms.2010.36.3.172.

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition in osteogenic sarcoma of the neck following oral squamous cell carcinoma

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral Pathology, Oral Cancer Research Institute, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. kimoms@yuhs.ac
  • 3Department of Advanced General Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Postirradiation extraosseous osteogenic sarcomas are uncommon in the head and neck, despite the extensive use of high-dose radiation. It has been described as de novo radiation-induced neoplasm. We present a 73-year-old male who had been treated by radiotherapy for gingival cancer 7 years earlier and later developed extraosseous osteogenic sarcomas (EOSs) of the neck. Microscopically, the neck mass was composed with mesenchymal malignant cells with cartilaginous and osteogenic differentiation. Immunohistochemical stain demonstrated strong positivity of tumor cells for Snail, the one of major epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) inducer. The E-cadherin expression was scarce, showing inverse relationship to Snail expression. Compared with previous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the gingiva, the present EOS sample revealed the remained epithelial cells on cytokeratin immunohistochemistry, suggesting the tumor arise from the cells of epithelial origin. We have also reviewed the previous 6 cases of head and neck EOSs carefully. The clinicopathologic features of the unusual lesion suggest that it is an incomplete EMT of precedent epithelial malignancy rather than de novo pathology.

Keyword

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC); Extraosseous osteogenic sarcoma (EOS); Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT); Snail; E-cadherin; Mouth neoplasms
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