Arch Craniofac Surg.  2020 Feb;21(1):58-63. 10.7181/acfs.2019.00654.

A spindle cell squamous cell carcinoma on the cheek presenting with in-transit metastases and a satellite lesion

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea

Abstract

Spindle cell squamous cell carcinoma (SpSCC) is a biphasic tumor composed of squamous cell epithelial and spindle cell mesenchymal components, both of which are malignant. Cutaneous SpSCC can cause diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties because of its rarity, heterogeneity, morphological similarity to other cutaneous spindle cell neoplasms, and uncertain pathogenesis and prognosis, particularly when the squamous cell carcinoma component is minimal or missing. Intransit metastasis and satellite lesion (satellitosis) constitute a spectrum of non-nodal regional metastases. Here the author reports the first known case of cutaneous SpSCC presenting with intransit metastases and a satellite lesion, which were exceptionally aggressive. A 77-year-old female patient presented with a 3× 3× 0.5 cm mass on her right cheek. Despite wide excision and postoperative radiation, the patient resulted in local recurrence and multiple distant metastases within 3 months. If many high-risk factors-particularly satellitosis and in-transit metastases are observed in a tumor with epithelial to mesenchymal transition, then further wide excision and adjuvant chemoradiation should be considered early in the treatment process. A multidisciplinary approach could be the key to cure the most aggressive malignancies of the skin, as in other organs.

Keyword

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition; Neoplasms; Squamous cell
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