Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.  2009 Oct;13(5):337-341. 10.4196/kjpp.2009.13.5.337.

Increase of NADPH-diaphorase Expression in Hypothalamus of Stat4 Knockout Mice

  • 1Kohwang Medical Research Institute, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Korea. jhchung@khu.ac.kr
  • 2East-West Neo Medical Center, Seoul 134-727, Korea.
  • 3Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Korea.


Signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4), a STAT family member, mediates interleukin 12 (IL12) signal transduction. IL12 is known to be related to calorie-restricted status. In the central nervous system, IL12 also enhances the production of nitric oxide (NO), which regulates food intake. In this study, the expression of neuronal NO synthase (Nos1), which is also related to food intake, was investigated in the hypothalamic areas of Stat4 knockout (KO) mice using nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d) histochemistry, a marker for neurons expressing Nos1 enzyme. Western blots were also performed to evaluate Nos1 and Fos expression. Wild-type Balb/c (WT group, n=10 male) and Stat4 KO mice (Stat4 KO group, n=8 male) were used. The body weight and daily food intake in the WT group were 22.4+/-0.3 and 4.4 g per day, while those in the Stat4 KO group were 18.7+/-0.4 and 1.8 g per day, respectively. Stat4 mice had lower body weight and food intake than Balb/c mice. Optical intensities of NADPH-d-positive neurons in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) of the Stat4 KO group were significantly higher than those of the WT group. Western blotting analysis revealed that the hypothalamic Nos1 and Fos expression of the Stat4 KO group was up-regulated, compared to that in the WT group. These results suggest that Stat4 may be related to the regulation of food intake and expression of Nos1 in the hypothalamus.


Body weight; Food intake; Hypothalamus; Knockout mice; Nitric oxide synthase; Stat4
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