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Nusinersen as a Therapeutic Agent for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Li Q

The reduction of survival motor neuron (SMN) protein causes spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disease. Nusinersen is an antisense oligonucleotide, approved by the FDA, which specifically binds...
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Cutaneous Plasmacytosis Showing a Neuronal Involvement in a 35-Year-Old Female

Suh JH, Kim HY, Lee JH, Lee SK, Lee UH, Kim MS

No abstract available.
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Alzheimer's Disease Diagnosis Using Misfolding Proteins in Blood

Lee H, Ugay D, Hong S, Kim Y

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is pathologically characterized by a long progressive phase of neuronal changes, including accumulation of extracellular amyloid-β (Aβ) and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles, before the onset of observable symptoms....
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Evaluation of the Toxicity of Sugammadex in Zebrafish Larvae

Kim WY, Kim YH, Lee JY, Kim JH, Min TJ

BACKGROUND: Sugammadex is a new neuromuscular blockade reversal agent. Recently, it has been used in patients under general anesthesia. However, sugammadex could be toxic to fetuses and pediatric patients under...
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Recent Updates on Narcolepsy and Hypersomnia

Hong S

Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological sleep disorder caused by hypocretin neuron loss, resulting in excessive daytime sleepiness, disturbed nocturnal sleep, and intrusions of aspects of rapid eye movement sleep in...
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Neuroprotective effects of urolithin A on Hâ‚‚Oâ‚‚-induced oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis in SK-N-MC cells

Kim KB, Lee S, Kim JH

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Oxidative stress causes cell damage and death, which contribute to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. Urolithin A (UA), a gut microbial-derived metabolite of ellagitannins and ellagic acid, has high...
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Fluoxetine Induces Apoptotic and Oxidative Neuronal Death Associated with The Influx of Copper Ions in Cultured Neuronal Cells

Hwang S, Kim JK

We examined the effect of fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant, on neuronal viability in mouse cortical near-pure neuronal cultures. Addition of fluoxetine to the media for 24 hours...
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Ezrin-radixin-moesin proteins are regulated by Akt-GSK3β signaling in the rat nucleus accumbens core

Kim WY, Cai WT, Jang JK, Kim JH

The ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) proteins are a family of membrane-associated proteins known to play roles in cell-shape determination as well as in signaling pathways. We have previously shown that amphetamine decreases...
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Spatiotemporal expression of RCAN1 and its isoform RCAN1-4 in the mouse hippocampus after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus

Cho KO, Jeong KH, Cha JH, Kim SY

Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) can be induced by an intracellular calcium increase and oxidative stress, which are characteristic features of temporal lobe epilepsy. Thus, we investigated the spatiotemporal expression...
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β-Sitosterol treatment attenuates cognitive deficits and prevents amyloid plaque deposition in amyloid protein precursor/presenilin 1 mice

Ye JY, Li L, Hao QM, Qin Y, Ma CS

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder causing dementia worldwide, and is mainly characterized by aggregated β-amyloid (Aβ). Increasing evidence has shown that plant extracts have the potential...
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Increased Signal in the Superior Cerebellar Peduncle of Patients with Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Kataoka H, Nishimori , Kiriyama T, Nanaura H, Izumi T, Eura N, Iwasa N, Sugie K

OBJECTIVE: The provisional diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) depends on a combination of typical clinical features and specific MRI findings, such as atrophy of the tegmentum in the midbrain....
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Update on dentin hypersensitivity: with the focus on hydrodynamic theory and mechanosensitive ion channels

Won J, Oh SB

Dentin hypersensitivity is an abrupt intense pain caused by innocuous stimuli to exposed dentinal tubules. Mechanosensitive ion channels have been assessed in dental primary afferent neurons and odontoblasts to explain...
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Cognitive dysfunctions in individuals with diabetes mellitus

Kim HG

Some patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) present with cognitive dysfunctions. The pathophysiology underlying this complication is not well understood. Type 1 DM has been associated...
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SYM 2081 Exerts Neuroprotective Effect Modulating Anti-Apoptosis in the Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury of Neonatal Rats

Park JK, Jang YY, Jeong JE, Lee EJ, Choi EJ, Chung HL, Kim WT

OBJECTIVE: SYM 2081 ((2S,4R)-4-methylglutamic acid), an agonist and functional antagonist of the kainite receptor, has shown a neuroprotective effect in neurodegenerative diseases in adults but little is known concerning perinatal...
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Nervus terminalis and nerves to the vomeronasal organ: a study using human fetal specimens

Jin ZW, Cho KH, Shibata S, Yamamoto M, Murakami G, Rodríguez-Vázquez JF

The human nervus terminalis (terminal nerve) and the nerves to the vomeronasal organ (VNON) are both associated with the olfactory nerves and are of major interest to embryologists. However, there...
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Is There a Need for Bowel Management after Surgery for Isolated Intestinal Malrotation in Children?

Salö M

PURPOSE: Few studies have reported non-acute long-term morbidity rates in children with intestinal malrotation. The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of constipation in children undergoing Ladd's...
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Neuroimmune interactions and kidney disease

Hasegawa S, Inoue T, Inagi R

The autonomic nervous system plays critical roles in maintaining homeostasis in humans, directly regulating inflammation by altering the activity of the immune system. The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway is a well-studied...
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Asiatic Acid Protects Dopaminergic Neurons from Neuroinflammation by Suppressing Mitochondrial ROS Production

Chen D, Zhang XY, Sun J, Cong QJ, Chen WX, Ahsan HM, Gao J, Qian JJ

This study sought to evaluate the effects of Asiatic acid in LPS-induced BV2 microglia cells and 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridine (MPP⁺)-induced SH-SY5Y cells, to investigate the potential anti-inflammatory mechanisms of Asiatic acid in...
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RbAp48 expression and neuronal damage in the gerbil hippocampus following 5 min of transient ischemia

Park JH, Lee TK, Kim DW, Park CW, Park YE, Kim B, Lee JC, Lee HA, Won MH, Ahn JH

Histone-binding protein RbAp48 has been known to be involved in histone acetylation, and epigenetic alterations of histone modifications are closely associated with the pathogenesis of ischemic reperfusion injury. In the...
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Photobiomodulation as a treatment for neurodegenerative disorders: current and future trends

Hong N

Photobiomodulation (PBM) is a rapidly growing as an innovative therapeutic modality for various types of diseases in recent years. Neuronal degeneration is irreversible process and it is proven to be...
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