Korean J Pain.  2009 Apr;22(1):16-20. 10.3344/kjp.2009.22.1.16.

The Antiallodynic Effects of Intrathecal Zaprinast in Rats with Chronic Constriction Injury of the Sciatic Nerve

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. jongyeon_park@amc.seoul.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Zaprinast is an inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 5, 6 and 9. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors could produce anti-nociceptive effects by promoting the accumulation of cGMP. We hypothesized that intrathecal zaprinast could attenuate the allodynia induced by chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve in rat.
METHODS
Sprague-Dawley rats were prepared with four loose ligations of the left sciatic nerve just proximal to the trifurcation into the sural, peroneal and tibial nerve branches. Tactile allodynia was measured by applying von Frey filaments to the lesioned hindpaw. The thresholds for the withdrawal responses were assessed. Zaprinast (3-100microg) was administered intrathecally by the direct lumbar puncture method to obtain the dose-response curve and the 50% effective dose (ED50). Measurements were taken before and 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, and 180 min after the intrathecal doses of zaprinast. The side effects were also observed.
RESULTS
Intrathecal zaprinast resulted in a dose-dependent antiallodynic effect. The maximal effects occurred within 15-30 min and then they gradually decreased down to the baseline level over time in all the groups. There was a dose dependent increase in the magnitude and duration of the effect. The ED50 value was 17.4microg (95% confidence intervals; 14.7-20.5microg). No severe motor weakness or sedation was observed in any of the rats.
CONCLUSIONS
Intrathecally administered zaprinast produced a dose-dependent antiallodynic effect in the chronic constriction injury neuropathic pain model. These findings suggest that spinal phosphodiesterase 5, 6 and 9 may play an important role in the modulation of neuropathic pain.

Keyword

allodynia; chronic constriction injury; intrathecal; neuropathic pain; zaprinast
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