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Comparison of Neuropathic Pain in Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder and Multiple Sclerosis

Hyun JW, Jang H, Yu J, Park NY, Kim SH, Huh SY, Kim W, Park MS, Oh J, Park KD, Kim HJ

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To compare the characteristics of neuropathic pain in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: From 2016 to 2018, 500 patients with NMOSD and MS...
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Treatment with low-energy shock wave alleviates pain in an animal model of uroplakin 3A-induced autoimmune interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome

Li H, Zhang Z, Peng J, Xin Z, Li M, Yang B, Fang D, Tang Y, Guo Y

PURPOSE: To investigate whether treatment with low-energy shock wave (LESW) alleviates pain and bladder dysfunction in a mouse model of uroplakin 3A (UPK3A)-induced interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS). MATERIALS AND METHODS:...
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Spinal Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II Increases Neurosteroid-metabolizing Cytochrome P450c17 Expression in a Rodent Model of Neuropathic Pain

Choi SR, Beitz AJ, Lee JH

We have previously demonstrated that the neurosteroid dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) induces functional potentiation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors via increases in phosphorylation of NMDA receptor GluN1 subunit (pGluN1). However, the modulatory...
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Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain

Yoon DU, Kang UG

Opioids are effective analgesics, but they are often difficult to use properly, due mainly to adverse events, such as constipation, respiratory depression, addiction, tolerance, and opioid induced hyperalgesia. In the...
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Inhibition of MicroRNA-15a/16 Expression Alleviates Neuropathic Pain Development through Upregulation of G Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase 2

Li T, Wan Y, Sun L, Tao S, Chen P, Liu C, Wang K, Zhou C, Zhao G

There is accumulating evidence that microRNAs are emerging as pivotal regulators in the development and progression of neuropathic pain. MicroRNA-15a/16 (miR-15a/16) have been reported to play an important role in...
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Analgesic Effect of Toll-like Receptor 4 Antagonistic Peptide 2 on Mechanical Allodynia Induced with Spinal Nerve Ligation in Rats

Yin Y, Park H, Lee SY, Lee WH, Song HJ, Kim J, Kim DW, Hong J

Neuroinflammation is one of the key mechanisms of neuropathic pain, which is primarily mediated by the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathways in microglia. Therefore, TLR4 may be a reasonable...
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Two Cases of Opioid-Induced Hyperalgesia in Cancer Patients Treated with Opioids for Pain Management

Hong S, Kwon JH, Han SJ

Opioids are important drugs for the management of severe cancer pain without a ceiling effect. However, opioid administration leads to dose-limiting complications including drowsiness, hallucinations, delirium, respiratory depression, cognitive impairment,...
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Effect of sec-O-glucosylhamaudol on mechanical allodynia in a rat model of postoperative pain

Koh GH, Song H, Kim SH, Yoon MH, Lim KJ, Oh SH, Jung KT

BACKGROUND: This study was performed in order to examine the effect of intrathecal sec-O-glucosylhamaudol (SOG), an extract from the root of the Peucedanum japonicum Thunb., on incisional pain in a...
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Increased Nociceptive Responses in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats and the Related Expression of Spinal NR2B Subunit of N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors

Ismail CA, Suppian R, Abd Aziz C, Haris K, Long I

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the role of NR2B in a modulated pain process in the painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) rat using various pain stimuli. METHODS: Thirty-two Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly...
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Amitriptyline inhibits the MAPK/ERK and CREB pathways and proinflammatory cytokines through A3AR activation in rat neuropathic pain models

Kim Y, Kwon SY, Jung HS, Park YJ, Kim YS, In JH, Choi JW, Kim JA, Joo JD

BACKGROUND: The pain-relief properties of tricyclic antidepressants can be attributed to several actions. Recent observations suggest that adenosine is involved in the antinociceptive effect of amitriptyline. The A3 adenosine receptor...
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Glial Cell Line-derived Neurotrophic Factor-overexpressing Human Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells Enhance Therapeutic Efficiency in Rat with Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury

Hwang K, Jung K, Kim IS, Kim M, Han J, Lim J, Shin JE, Jang JH, Park KI

Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes axonal damage and demyelination, neural cell death, and comprehensive tissue loss, resulting in devastating neurological dysfunction. Neural stem/progenitor cell (NSPCs) transplantation provides therapeutic benefits for...
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Analgesic effects of soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor in K/BxN serum transfer arthritis mouse model

Park J, Cho MJ, Ha G, Park HJ

BACKGROUND: Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is an enzyme that converts epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) into the anti-inflammatory dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHET). Inhibition of sEH by the potent soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor (sEHI)...
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Dexmedetomidine Attenuates Neuropathic Pain by Inhibiting P2X7R Expression and ERK Phosphorylation in Rats

Lin JP, Chen CQ, Huang LE, Li NN, Yang Y, Zhu SM, Yao YX

α2-Adrenoceptor agonists attenuate hypersensitivity under neuropathic conditions. However, the mechanisms underlying this attenuation remain largely unknown. In the present study, we explored the potential roles of purinergic receptor 7 (P2X7R)/extracellular...
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Preemptive application of QX-314 attenuates trigeminal neuropathic mechanical allodynia in rats

Yoon JH, Son JY, Kim MJ, Kang SH, Ju JS, Bae YC, Ahn DK

The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of preemptive analgesia on the development of trigeminal neuropathic pain. For this purpose, mechanical allodynia was evaluated in male...
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Cold Allodynia after C2 Root Resection in Sprague-Dawley Rats

Chung D, Cho DC, Park SH, Kim KT, Sung JK, Jeon Y

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate pain-related behaviors after bilateral C2 root resection and change in pain patterns in the suboccipital region in rats. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats...
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Complex Regional Pain Syndrome of Non-hemiplegic Upper Limb in a Stroke Patient: A Case Report

Lee A, Jung Y, Kwon HK, Pyun SB

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) type I in stroke patients is usually known to affect the hemiplegic upper limb. We report a case of CRPS presented in an ipsilesional arm...
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Considerations for dental treatment of Williams syndrome patients

Shin J, Lee J

Williams syndrome is a rare congenital disorder with various physical abnormalities and characterized by facial, oral, and dental features. Individuals with Williams syndrome typically have eating disorders in the early...
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Sensory and Motor Behavior Evidences Supporting the Usefulness of Conditioned Medium from Dental Pulp-Derived Stem Cells in Spinal Cord Injury in Rats

Asadi-Golshan R, Razban V, Mirzaei E, Rahmanian , Khajeh S, Mostafavi-Pour Z, Dehghani F

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental animal study. PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess effects of conditioned medium (CM) of dental pulp-derived stem cells loaded in collagen hydrogel on functional recovery following spinal cord...
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MicroRNA-200a Targets Cannabinoid Receptor 1 and Serotonin Transporter to Increase Visceral Hyperalgesia in Diarrhea-predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome Rats

Hou Q, Huang Y, Zhang C, Zhu S, Li P, Chen X, Hou Z, Liu F

  • KMID: 2422855
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2018 Oct;24(4):656-668.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm18037
BACKGROUND/AIMS: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) were reported to be responsible for intestinal permeability in diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) rats in our previous study. However, whether and how miRNAs regulate visceral hypersensitivity...
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Allopregnanolone suppresses mechanical allodynia and internalization of neurokinin-1 receptors at the spinal dorsal horn in a rat postoperative pain model

Fujita M, Fukuda T, Sato Y, Takasusuki T, Tanaka M

BACKGROUND: To identify a new strategy for postoperative pain management, we investigated the analgesic effects of allopregnanolone (Allo) in an incisional pain model, and also assessed its effects on the...
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