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Antibacterial effect of different concentrations of Galla Chinensis extract on cariogenic bacteria in a biofilm model

Kim EJ, Jin BH

OBJECTIVES: Galla chinensis inhibited the adherence of planktonic oral bacteria and acid production by cariogenic bacteria. However, little is known about the relevant conditions of Galla Chinensis extract (GCE) exposure...
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The biofilm removal effect of MnOâ‚‚-diatom microbubbler from the dental prosthetic surfaces: In vitro study

Lee EH, Seo Y, Kwon HB, Yim YJ, Kong H, Kim MJ

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of MnOâ‚‚-diatom microbubbler (DM) on the surface of prosthetic materials as a mouthwash by comparing the biofilm removal effect...
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Antimicrobial effect of toothbrush with light emitting diode on dental biofilm attached to zirconia surface: an in vitro study

Park JH, Kim YG, Um HS, Lee SY, Lee JK, Chang BS

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of a toothbrush with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on periodontitis-associated dental biofilm attached to a zirconia surface by static...
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The Effects of Biofilm Care on Subgingival Bacterial Motility and Halitosis

Kim YR

BACKGROUND: Oral diseases are caused by various systemic and local factors, the most closely related being the biofilm. However, the challenges involved in removing an established biofilm necessitate professional care...
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Changes in the composition of artificial cariogenic biofilms over time

Oh C, Pandit S, Jeon JG

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in the composition of artificial cariogenic biofilms using a Streptococcus mutans biofilm model over a period of time. METHODS: We analyzed...
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Thymol Rich Thymbra capitata Essential Oil Inhibits Quorum Sensing, Virulence and Biofilm Formation of Beta Lactamase Producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Qaralleh H

Infections with Pseudomonas aeruginosa are difficult to treat not only because it is often associated with multidrug-resistant infections but also it is able to form biofilm. The aim of this...
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Susceptibility of Mutans streptococci in the Planktonic and Biofilm State to Erythrosine

Gong J, Seo H, Lee S, Park H, Lee J

The aim of this study was to investigate the susceptibility of Mutans streptococci in both planktonic and biofilm states to erythrosine. S. mutans was cultured in brain-heart infusion (BHI) broth. Erythrosine...
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Evaluation of commercial probiotic lactic cultures against biofilm formation by Cronobacter sakazakii

Jamwal A, Sharma K, Chauhan R, Bansal S, Goel G

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cronobacter sakazakii, an emergent pathogen is considered as a major concern to infants and neonates fed on reconstituted powdered infant milk formula. In conjunction with many other factors, biofilm...
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Effects of different finishing/polishing protocols and systems for monolithic zirconia on surface topography, phase transformation, and biofilm formation

Mai HN, Hong SH, Kim SH, Lee DH

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of various protocols and systems for finishing and polishing monolithic zirconia on surface topography, phase transformation, and bacterial adhesion. MATERIALS...
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Analysis of subclinical infections and biofilm formation in cases of capsular contracture after silicone augmentation rhinoplasty: Prevalence and microbiological study

Jirawatnotai S, Mahachitsattaya B

BACKGROUND: Implant-related deformities in aesthetic rhinoplasty are a major problem for rhinoplasty surgeons. Capsular contracture is believed to be the pathological cause of delayed contour deformities, comparable to breast implant-related...
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Effects of different surface finishing protocols for zirconia on surface roughness and bacterial biofilm formation

Lee DH, Mai HN, Thant PP, Hong SH, Kim J, Jeong SM, Lee KW

PURPOSE: Surface finishing of a zirconia restoration is essential after clinical adjustment. Herein, we investigated the effects of a surface finishing protocol for monolithic zirconia on final roughness and bacterial...
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Inhibition of nicotine-induced Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation by salts solutions intended for mouthrinses

Balhaddad , Melo MA, Gregory RL

OBJECTIVES: Biofilm formation is critical to dental caries initiation and development. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of nicotine exposure on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) biofilm...
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Endodontic biofilms: contemporary and future treatment options

Yoo YJ, Perinpanayagam H, Oh S, Kim AR, Han SH, Kum KY

Apical periodontitis is a biofilm-mediated infection. The biofilm protects bacteria from host defenses and increase their resistance to intracanal disinfecting protocols. Understanding the virulence of these endodontic microbiota within biofilm...
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Characteristic profiles of biofilm, enterotoxins and virulence of Staphylococcus aureus isolates from dairy cows in Xinjiang Province, China

Wu Y, Li J, Qiao M, Meng D, Meng Q, Qiao J, Zhang X, Wang L, Cai K, Zhang J, Zhang Z, Yu W, Cai X

As an important zoonotic pathogen, Staphylococcus aureus has led to serious mastitis and endometritis in infected dairy cows. In this study, a total of 164 strains of S. aureus were...
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The bactericidal effect of an atmospheric-pressure plasma jet on Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilms on sandblasted and acid-etched titanium discs

Lee JY, Kim KH, Park SY, Yoon SY, Kim GH, Lee YM, Rhyu IC, Seol YJ

PURPOSE: Direct application of atmospheric-pressure plasma jets (APPJs) has been established as an effective method of microbial decontamination. This study aimed to investigate the bactericidal effect of direct application of...
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Influence of Cell Surface Hydrophobicity on Adhesion and Biofilm Formation in Candida albicans and Several Bacterial Species

Park SJ, Lee KH

The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation of cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH) and biofilm formation or adhesion in Candida albicans (C. albicans) and several pathogenic bacteria. All...
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Galla chinensis extracts and calcium induce remineralization and antibacterial effects of enamel in a Streptococcus mutans biofilm model

Kim EJ, Jin BH

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the combined effects of Galla chinensis extract (GCE) and calcium (CA) on enamel remineralization. The antibacterial effect of G. chinensis on...
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Evaluation of Biofilm Formation and Presence of Ica Genes in Staphylococcus epidermidis Clinical Isolates

Kord M, Ardebili A, Jamalan M, Jahanbakhsh R, Behnampour N, Ghaemi EA

OBJECTIVES: Biofilm formation is one of the important features of Staphylococcus epidermidis, particularly in nosocomial infections. We aimed to investigate the biofilm production by phenotypic methods and the presence of...
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Efficacy of an LED toothbrush on a Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilm on a sandblasted and acid-etched titanium surface: an in vitro study

Lee H, Kim YG, Um HS, Chang BS, Lee SY, Lee JK

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of a newly devised toothbrush with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on Porphyromonas gingivalis attached to sandblasted and acid-etched titanium...
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Prostate calcifications: A case series supporting the microbial biofilm theory

Cai T, Tessarolo , Caola I, Piccoli F, Nollo G, Caciagli P, Mazzoli S, Palmieri A, Verze P, Malossini , Mirone V, Bjerklund Johansen TE

PURPOSE: Prostate calcifications are a common finding during transrectal prostate ultrasound in both healthy subjects and patients, but their etiopathogenesis and clinical significance are not fully understood. We aimed to...
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