Ann Dermatol.  2021 Jun;33(3):203-213. 10.5021/ad.2021.33.3.203.

Association of Metabolic Comorbidities with Pediatric Psoriasis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dermatology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Background
An evident relationship has been shown between psoriasis and metabolic comorbidities. However, the results in pediatric psoriasis vary from study to study, and no meta-analysis exists on the association of metabolic comorbidities with pediatric psoriasis. Objective: To evaluate the association between psoriasis and metabolic comorbidities in pediatric patients.
Methods
We searched articles published in PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases from inception to April 30, 2019. All observational studies reporting the prevalence of obesity or metabolic comorbidities in pediatric patients with psoriasis were included.
Results
The meta-analysis included 16 unique studies meeting the inclusion criteria. The pooled odds ratios in pediatric patients with psoriasis was 2.40 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.60∼3.59) for obesity (13 studies), 2.73 (95% CI, 1.79∼ 4.17) for hypertension (8 studies), 2.01 (95% CI, 1.09∼3.73) for diabetes mellitus (8 studies), 1.67 (95% CI, 1.42∼1.97) for dyslipidemia (7 studies), and 7.49 (95% CI, 1.86∼30.07) for metabolic syndrome (4 studies).
Conclusion
Pediatric patients with psoriasis showed a significantly higher prevalence of obesity, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome. Adequate monitoring and timely management of metabolic comorbidities should be considered in these patients.

Keyword

Diabetes mellitus; Hypertension; Metabolic syndrome; Obesity; Psoriasis
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