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Association between Education Level and Hypertension in Korean Adults Over 30 Years Old: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2019

Choi JH, Park JH, Choi BG

Background: Relationships between socioeconomic status and hypertension and between education level and cardiovascular disease have been reported. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between education level and the prevalence...
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Occurrence of Intracranial Hemorrhage and Associated Risk Factors in Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy With Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Lai QL, Zhang YX, Wang JJ, Mo YJ, Zhuang LY, Cheng L, Weng ST, Qiao S, Liu L

Background and Purpose Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is thought to be a rare but probably underestimated presentation of cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). We conducted a...
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Axial Length as a Risk Factor for Steroid-Induced Ocular Hypertension

Choi W, Kim JD, Bae HW, Kim CY, Seong GJ, Kim M

Purpose: In this study, we aimed to assess whether axial length (AXL) is a true risk factor for steroid-induced ocular hypertension (OHT). We hypothesized that the proportion of patients with...
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Optimal blood pressure target in the elderly: rationale and design of the HOW to Optimize eLDerly systolic Blood Pressure (HOWOLD-BP) trial

Lee DH, Lee JH, Kim SY, Lee HY, Choi JY, Hong Y, Park SK, Ryu DR, Yang DH, Hwang SJ, Choi JH, Kim KH, Lee SH, Joo SJ, Park JH, Kim SH, Kim HL, Kim Ki, Cho MC

Background/Aims: The optimal systolic blood pressure (SBP) goal for elderly patients with hypertension, especially to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and improve outcome, is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate...
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A Case of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension with Papilledema Secondary to Recombinant Human Growth Hormone Treatment

Suh H, Shin SY, Park SH

Purpose: To report a child with idiopathic intracranial hypertension secondary to recombinant human growth hormone treatment. Case summary: An 11-year-old girl presented with blurred vision in both eyes starting 6 weeks...
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The Impact of Pulmonary Hypertension on the Clinical Outcomes of Acute Myocardial Infarction after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Cho EY, Jeong MH, Kim HY, Park HJ, Yoon HJ, Kim KH, Ahn YK

Background/Aims: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with heart failure contributes to a poor prognosis. However, the role of PH in the long-term clinical outcome is unclear in those with acute...
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The Effect of Chronic Disease Management Program on the Risk of Complications in Patients With Hypertension in Korea

Lee SA, Park H, Kim W, Song SO, Lim H, Chun SY

Background: A chronic disease management program was implemented in April 2012 to lower out-of-pocket costs for repeat visits to the same clinic. The aim of this study was to investigate...
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Hypertensive Brainstem Encephalopathy Combined with Acute Ischemic Stroke

Kim SJ, Cho JH, Jin B, Kim DH

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a clinicoradiological syndrome characterized by a unique reversible pattern on imaging and total regression of clinical symptoms and signs. Hypertensive brainstem encephalopathy (HBE), a brainstem...
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Neonatal hypertension: concerns within and beyond the neonatal intensive care unit

Altemose K, Dionne JM

Neonatal hypertension occurs in 1%–2% of neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) although may be underdiagnosed. Blood pressure values in premature neonates change rapidly in the first days...
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Blood pressure control in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy

Rismiati H, Lee HY

Hypertension is a major cause of maternal morbidity and occurs as a complication in up to one in ten pregnancies. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy encompass gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, chronic hypertension,...
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Beneficial Effects of Taurine on Metabolic Parameters in Animals and Humans

Bae M, Ahmed K, Yim JE

Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is a non-essential amino acid mainly obtained through diet in humans. Despite the lack of research on the health effects of taurine in animals and humans, it...
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Effect of Carbohydrate-Restricted Diets and Intermittent Fasting on Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, and Hypertension Management: Consensus Statement of the Korean Society for the Study of Obesity, Korean Diabetes Association, and Korean Society of Hypertension

Choi JH, Cho YJ, Kim HJ, Ko SH, Chon S, Kang JH, Kim KK, Kim EM, Kim HJ, Song KH, Nam GE, Kim KI, Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines, Korean Society for the Study of Obesity (KSSO), Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines and Committee of Food and Nutrition, Korean Diabetes Association (KDA), Policy Committee of Korean Society of Hypertension (KSH), Policy Development Committee of National Academy of Medicine of Korea (NAMOK)

Carbohydrate-restricted diets and intermittent fasting (IF) have been rapidly gaining interest among the general population and patients with cardiometabolic disease, such as overweight or obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. However, there...
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Multidisciplinary Management of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: from Womb to Home

Lee BS

Despite recent advances in prenatal diagnosis and newborn treatment strategies, the survival rate of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has not changed much in the range of 60% to 80% over...
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Vein Graft Aneurysm after Aorto-Renal Bypass for Childhood Renovascular Hypertension Due to Fibromuscular Dysplasia

Cho A, Ko H, Min SK

Renovascular hypertension (RVHT) is a major cause of surgically correctable secondary hypertension. Refractory hypertension despite multiple antihypertensive drugs requires angioplasty, surgical revascularization, or even nephrectomy. Herein, we report a pediatric...
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A Machine-Learning-Based Risk Factor Analysis for Hypertension: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016–2019

Oh T, Kim D, Won C, Kim S, Jeong E, Yang J, Yu J, Kim B, Lee J

Background: The purpose of this study was to use machine learning to identify risk factors (other than systolic and diastolic blood pressure) for hypertension. Methods: The study population comprised 23,170 adults...
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The Interaction of Hypertension for Vertigo in Audiovestibular Medicine Clinic

Osuji AE

As the first audiovestibular medicine physician in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Nigeria, a keen observation revealed that a sizeable proportion of the adult patients presenting to our...
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Effect of low sodium and high potassium diet on lowering blood pressure

Lee CH, Shin J

Background: Hypertension is the leading factor of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Although antihypertensive medical treatment is the cornerstone of blood pressure control, lifestyle modification, including optimal diet therapy, such as...
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Diagnosis and Treatment of Secondary Hypertension

Song SH, Choi HS, Bae EH

Secondary hypertension, which refers to arterial hypertension caused by an identifiable medical condition, accounts for 5-10% of all hypertensive diagnoses; however, this is thought to be an underestimate. If diagnosed...
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Elevated On-Treatment Diastolic Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Outcomes in the Presence of Achieved Systolic Blood Pressure Targets

Kim DH, Cho IJ, Kim W, Lee CJ, Kim HC, Shin JH, Kang SH, Jung MH, Kwon CH, Lee JH, Kim HL, Kim HM, Cho I, Kang DR, Lee HY, Chung WJ, Kim KI, Cho EJ, Sohn IS, Park S, Shin J, Ryu SK, Kang SM, Pyun WB, Cho MC, Kim JH, Lee JH, Ihm SH, Sung KC

Background and Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the association between cardiovascular events and 2 different levels of elevated on-treatment diastolic blood pressures (DBP) in the presence of achieved systolic...
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Successful use of a mesocaval shunt to treat refractory ascites in a chronic pancreatitis induced portal vein thrombosis

Dutta S, Pal B, Ram D, Shyamprasad SK, Nelamangala Ramakrishnaiah VP

The state of intense peripancreatic inf lammation in chronic pancreatitis can give rise to various vascular complications such as venous thrombosis and arterial pseudoaneurysms. Due to its intimate location with...
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