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Association between obesity and COVID-19

Lim S

Background: Since December 2019, most countries have struggled with the novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). During the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, weight gain became prevalent because the preventive...
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Surgical treatment for obesity

Lee DY, Lee CM

Background: Bariatric or metabolic surgery is a safe and effective intervention for patients with obesity at higherrisk. In 2019, after the reimbursement in Korea, the number of metabolic surgery cases...
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Pharmacologic treatment of obesity

Jung HN, Jung CH

Background: Obesity and obesity-related comorbidities are increasingly being recognized as significant threats to global health. Pharmacological treatments are required in patients in whom lifestyle modifications fail to achieve an individual’s...
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Non-pharmacologic treatment for obesity

Koo BK

Background: The prevalence of obesity has been rapidly increasing in the Korean population. Obesity is a well-known risk factor for various chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis, chronic...
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Current status and epidemiology of adult obesity in Korea

Nam GE

Background: Obesity has emerged as one of the most critical public health problems and is considered a global epidemic. Herein we summarized the recent epidemiology of obesity in Korean adults...
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Current status of obesity treatment in Korea:based on the 2020 Korean Society for the Study of Obesity guidelines for obesity management

Rhee EJ

Background: Obesity is a complex disease, and its prevalence is gradually increasing globally. The increasing prevalence of obesity is shown to significantly affect the development of obesity-related comorbidities. This paper...
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Relationship between needle depth for lumbar transforaminal epidural injection and patients’ height and weight using magnetic resonance imaging

John H, Sohn K, Kim JH

Background: Optimal needle depth in transforaminal epidural injection (TFEI) is determined by body measurements and is influenced by the needle entry angle. Physician can choose the appropriate needle length and...
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A nationwide analysis on the influence of obesity in inflammatory bowel disease hospitalizations

Dahiya DS, Kichloo A, Wani F, Singh J, Solanki D, Shaka H

Background/Aims: Proinflammatory cytokines released from adipocytes can influence the development, progression, and treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and may be associated with worse clinical outcomes. Methods: For 2016–2018, we...
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Bayesian analysis of longitudinal traits in the Korea Association Resource (KARE) cohort

Chung W, Hwang H, Park T

Various methodologies for the genetic analysis of longitudinal data have been proposed and applied to data from large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with...
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Recent Advances in Anti-Obesity Drugs

Son JW

Obesity is a chronic, complex, and heterogeneous disease that is affected by genetic, developmental, biological, and environmental factors; thus, it is necessary to approach obesity with an integrated and comprehensive...
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Utility of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis for Body Composition Assessment

Lim S

People with obesity are at high risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and certain types of malignancy. A significant reduction in muscle mass is also associated with increased risk...
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Use of Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry for Body Composition in Chronic Disease Management

Kim TN

Aging and chronic disease are often accompanied by changes in body composition that lead to decreased muscle mass and increased fat mass, even in weight-stable individuals. Both obesity and sarcopenia...
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Appetite Control Mechanisms and Obesity

Roh E

Dysregulated energy homeostasis leads to obesity. The brain, particularly hypothalamus and brain stem, plays a key role in the control of food intake and homeostatic regulation of energy metabolism. Food...
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Effectiveness of active video games in overweight and obese adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Erçelik ZE, Çağlar S

Purpose: The purpose of this review was to assess the effect of active video games among overweight and obese adolescents. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted using records from...
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Early Diagnosis and Treatment Strategies of Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome

Kim HH, Lee SH, Kim SW

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is defined as the triad of obesity (body mass index, [BMI] ≥ 30 kg/m 2 ), daytime hypercapnia (PaCO2 ≥ 45 mm Hg), and sleep breathing...
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Unaltered Tonic Inhibition in the Arcuate Nucleus of Diet-induced Obese Mice

Sa M, Lee JM, Park MG, Lim J, Joseph Kim JM, Koh W, Yoon BE, Lee CJ

  • KMID: 2531118
  • Exp Neurobiol.
  • 2022 Jun;31(3):147-157.
  • doi: 10.5607/en22014
The principal inhibitory transmitter, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), is critical for maintaining hypothalamic homeostasis and released from neurons phasically, as well as from astrocytes tonically. Although astrocytes in the arcuate nucleus...
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Triglyceride–Glucose Index Predicts Cardiovascular Outcome in Metabolically Unhealthy Obese Population: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study

Cho YK, Kim HS, Park JY, Lee WJ, Kim YJ, Jung CH

Background: This study assesses the prognostic value of the triglyceride–glucose (TyG) index for cardiovascular (CV) risk in subgroups based on metabolic health and obesity status. Methods: Originally, 514,866 participants were enrolled...
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Obesity Fact Sheet in Korea, 2021: Trends in Obesity Prevalence and Obesity-Related Comorbidity Incidence Stratified by Age from 2009 to 2019

Yang YS, Han BD, Han K, Jung JH, Son JW, On Behalf of the Taskforce Team of the Obesity Fact Sheet of the Korean Society for the Study of Obesity

Background: The global public health burden of obesity has increased with socio-economic development. The Korean Society for the Study of Obesity released the 2021 Obesity Fact Sheet to address trends in...
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Beneficial Effects of Taurine on Metabolic Parameters in Animals and Humans

Bae M, Ahmed K, Yim JE

Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is a non-essential amino acid mainly obtained through diet in humans. Despite the lack of research on the health effects of taurine in animals and humans, it...
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Effect of Carbohydrate-Restricted Diets and Intermittent Fasting on Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, and Hypertension Management: Consensus Statement of the Korean Society for the Study of Obesity, Korean Diabetes Association, and Korean Society of Hypertension

Choi JH, Cho YJ, Kim HJ, Ko SH, Chon S, Kang JH, Kim KK, Kim EM, Kim HJ, Song KH, Nam GE, Kim KI, Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines, Korean Society for the Study of Obesity (KSSO), Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines and Committee of Food and Nutrition, Korean Diabetes Association (KDA), Policy Committee of Korean Society of Hypertension (KSH), Policy Development Committee of National Academy of Medicine of Korea (NAMOK)

Carbohydrate-restricted diets and intermittent fasting (IF) have been rapidly gaining interest among the general population and patients with cardiometabolic disease, such as overweight or obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. However, there...
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