J Korean Soc Emerg Med.  2019 Dec;30(6):545-554. 10.0000/jksem.2019.30.6.545.

Changes in arterial blood gas analysis results according to body mass index in patients with acute dyspnea admitted through emergency department, and usefulness for predicting prognosis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Eulji University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea. sage77@eulji.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
This study examined the change tendency in the arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA) results according to the body mass index (BMI) of patients admitted through the emergency department (ED) with dyspnea, as well as the risk factors for intensive care unit (ICU) admission and in-hospital mortality in obese patients.
METHODS
A retrospective study was conducted on 768 patients, who were admitted to the ED for dyspnea during 2017 and underwent ABGA. The patients were divided into four groups according to their BMI. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors of ICU admission and in-hospital mortality in obese patients using the ABGA results.
RESULTS
A higher BMI was associated with a lower pH (P<0.001) and higher arterial carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO2, P=0.001), hematocrit (P=0.009), and lactate concentration (P=0.012). In the obese group, low pH (odds ratio [OR], 5.780; P<0.001 and OR, 16.393; P=0.013), high PaCO2 (OR, 1.123; P=0.005), high lactate concentration (OR, 1.886; P=0.015), and base excess reduction (OR, 1.267; P=0.001) were the risk factors for ICU admission, whereas pH<7.33 (OR, 14.493; P=0.014) and high lactate concentration (OR, 1.462; P=0.008) were the risk factors for in-hospital mortality. The pH (area under the curve [AUC], 0.817; AUC, 0.890) and lactate concentration (AUC, 0.762; AUC, 0.728) were useful for predicting the ICU admission and in-hospital mortality.
CONCLUSION
A higher BMI in the subjects was associated with a lower pH and higher lactate concentration. In addition, pH and lactate concentration were significant risk factors for ICU admission and in-hospital mortality.

Keyword

Dyspnea; Blood gas analysis; Body mass index; Emergency department

MeSH Terms

Area Under Curve
Blood Gas Analysis*
Body Mass Index*
Carbon Dioxide
Dyspnea*
Emergencies*
Emergency Service, Hospital*
Hematocrit
Hospital Mortality
Humans
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Intensive Care Units
Lactic Acid
Logistic Models
Prognosis*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Carbon Dioxide
Lactic Acid
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