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Risk Factors for Acute Exacerbations in Elderly Asthma: What Makes Asthma in Older Adults Distinctive?

Sohn KH, Song WJ, Park JS, Park HW, Kim TB, Park CS, Cho SH, on behalf of the Elderly Asthma Cohort in Korea Group

PURPOSE: Asthma in the elderly (EA; ≥ 65 years of age) is increasing, adding a heavy socioeconomic burden to the healthcare system. However, little is known about risk factors associated...
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Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of Asymptomatic Pyuria in Chronic Kidney Disease

Kwon YE, Oh DJ, Kim MJ, Choi HM

BACKGROUND: Pyuria seems to be common in chronic kidney disease (CKD), irrespective of urinary tract infection (UTI). It has been hypothesized that sterile pyuria occurs in CKD because of chronic...
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The effects of body mass index and body shape perceptions of South Korean adults on weight control behaviors; Correlation with quality of sleep and residence of place

Kang NE, Kim SJ, Oh YS, Jang SE

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The obese population is rapidly increasing because of reduced physical activity and a Westernized diet; consequently, various chronic diseases are more prevalent. With the increasing interest in body shape...
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Association between dairy product intake and hypertriglyceridemia in Korean adults

Park SJ, Park J, Song HJ, Lee CH, Lee HJ

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Hypertriglyceridemia may be a more important predictor of cardiovascular disease in Asian population consuming carbohydrate-rich foods than in Western populations. Dairy products are known to play a beneficial role...
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Development and Validation of a Simple Index Based on Non-Enhanced CT and Clinical Factors for Prediction of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Ahn Y, Yun SC, Lee SS, Son JH, Jo S, Byun J, Sung YS, Kim HS, Yu ES

OBJECTIVE: A widely applicable, non-invasive screening method for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is needed. We aimed to develop and validate an index combining computed tomography (CT) and routine clinical...
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Risk Factors for Liver Function Deterioration after Transarterial Chemoembolization Refractoriness in Child-Pugh Class A Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients

Park KH, Kim JH, Choe WH, Kwon SY, Yoo BC, Hwang JH, Park SW, Kim YJ, Park HS, Yu MH, Jeon HJ

BACKGROUND/AIMS: A switch to systemic therapy, such as sorafenib, should be considered for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients refractory to transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). On the other hand, treatment changes are difficult...
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Clinical Score System to Differentiate Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Patients from Patients with Scrub Typhus or Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome in Korea

Heo DH, Kang YM, Song KH, Seo JW, Kim JH, Chun JY, Jun KI, Kang CK, Moon SM, Choe PG, Park WB, Bang JH, Kim ES, Kim HB, Park SW, Oh WS, Kim NJ, Oh MD

BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease with high mortality in East Asia. This study aimed to develop, for primary care providers, a prediction score...
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Effect of Cervical Cerclage on the Risk of Recurrent Preterm Birth after a Twin Spontaneous Preterm Birth

Kim S, Park HS, Kwon H, Seol HJ, Bae JG, Ahn KH, Na S, Lee SJ, Lee MY, Lee SM, Kwak DW, Park JY, Park IY, Won HS, Kim MY, Ko HS, Hwang HS, Korean Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology Research Group

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of cervical cerclage on the recurrence risk for preterm birth in singleton pregnant women after a twin spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). METHODS: This...
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Is there an association between platelet and blood inflammatory indices and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus?

Fashami MA, Hajian S, Afrakhteh , Khoob MK

OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most prevalent medical complication in pregnancy. Early diagnosis of GDM can influence maternal/neonatal outcomes. To assess the association between platelet and blood inflammatory...
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Determination of maternal risk factors of preterm delivery: adjusted for sparse data bias; results from a population-based case-control study in Iran

Valipour M, Ayubi E, Shiravand , Moradi Y, Abbaszadeh A, Amrai F, Mokhtari S, Bahmanpour K, Mansori K

OBJECTIVE: To determine the maternal risk factors associated with preterm delivery in Iran. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted including 48 women having preterm delivery (case group) and 100 women...
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Epidemiology and Outcome of Powered Mobility Device-Related Injuries in Korea

Shin Y, Cha WC, Yoon H, Hwang SY, Shin TG, Sim MS, Jo IJ, Kim T

BACKGROUND: This study described and analysed the features of powered mobility device (PMD)-related injuries and compared elderly and younger adult injuries. METHODS: Data from Korea Emergency Department-based Injury In-depth Surveillance (EDIIS)...
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Effect Modification of Acetaldehyde Dehydrogenase 2 rs671 Polymorphism on the Association between Alcohol Intake and Blood Pressure: the Dong-gu Study

Kim HY, Choi CK, Kweon SS, Lee YH, Nam HS, Park KS, Ryu SY, Choi SW, Shin MH

BACKGROUND: Elevated blood pressure is a major preventable cause of cardiovascular diseases. Alcohol consumption is a well-known risk factor of elevated blood pressure. The aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) polymorphism is...
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Does Arthroscopic Repair of Femoroacetabular Impingement Pathology Affect Clinical Outcomes after Ipsilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty?

Bolarinwa , Aryee JN, Labaran LA, Werner BC, Browne JA

PURPOSE: Arthroscopy for repair of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and related conditions is technically challenging, but remains the preferred approach for management of these hip pathologies. The incidence of this procedure...
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Impact of perioperative blood transfusion on oncologic outcomes in patients with nonmetastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with curative nephrectomy: A retrospective analysis of a large, single-institutional cohort

Seon DY, Kwak C, Kim HH, Ku JH, Kim HS

PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of perioperative blood transfusion (PBT) on oncologic outcomes after surgery in patients with nonmetastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective review included 2,329...
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Thyroid-Associated Orbitopathy: Evaluating Microstructural Changes of Extraocular Muscles and Optic Nerves Using Readout-Segmented Echo-Planar Imaging-Based Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Chen HH, Hu H, Chen W, Cui D, Xu XQ, Wu FY, Yang T

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the ability of readout-segmented echo-planar imaging (rs-EPI)-based diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in assessing the microstructural change of extraocular muscles (EOMs) and optic nerves in patients...
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Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Feature Tracking in Aortic Stenosis: Exploration of Strain Parameters and Prognostic Value in Asymptomatic Patients with Preserved Ejection Fraction

Kim MY, Park EA, Lee W, Lee SP

OBJECTIVE: To determine the most valuable cardiac magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) parameters for evaluating aortic stenosis (AS) and determine whether they can predict the prognosis in asymptomatic AS patients...
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Lupus and Perioperative Complications in Elective Primary Total Hip or Knee Arthroplasty

Aziz KT, Best MJ, Skolasky R, Ponnusamy , Sterling R, Khanuja HS

BACKGROUND: The number of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (herein, lupus) undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is increasing. There is disagreement about the effect of...
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The Characteristics of Students Who Had Attempted Self-Injury or Suicide in Chungcheongdo ‘Professional School Visits Outreach Project’

Lee JJ, Kang YH, Hong HJ, Kim YH, Son JW

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the characteristics of students who participated in the ‘Professional School Visits Outreach Project’ and evaluated the factors affecting self-injury or suicidal attempts. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study,...
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Food habits, health behaviors related to the personality in Korean college students

Kim N, Kim J, Kye S

PURPOSE: This study identified the relationship between dietary habits and health-related behaviors depending on the Big Five personality factors (extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism). METHODS: The NEO-II test was administered to...
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Prescription of antibiotics after tooth extraction in adults: a nationwide study in Korea

Choi YY

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand the nationwide patterns of antibiotic prescription after tooth extraction in adult patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study analyzed dental records from the National Health Insurance...
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