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Hospitalization Due to Asthma Exacerbation: A China Asthma Research Network (CARN) Retrospective Study in 29 Provinces Across Mainland China

Lin J, Xing B, Tang H, Yang L, Yuan Y, Gu Y, Chen P, Liu X, Zhang J, Liu H, Wang C, Zhou W, Sun D, Chen Y, Chen Z, Huang M, Lin Q, Hu C, Yang X, Huo J, Ye X, Zhou X, Jiang P, Zhang W, Huang Y, Dai L, Liu R, Cai S, Xu J, Zhou J, on behalf of China Asthma Research Network

PURPOSE: Details of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation in mainland China are lacking. To improve disease control and reduce economic burden, a large sample survey among this patient population is...
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Risk Factors for Acute Exacerbations in Elderly Asthma: What Makes Asthma in Older Adults Distinctive?

Sohn KH, Song WJ, Park JS, Park HW, Kim TB, Park CS, Cho SH, on behalf of the Elderly Asthma Cohort in Korea Group

PURPOSE: Asthma in the elderly (EA; ≥ 65 years of age) is increasing, adding a heavy socioeconomic burden to the healthcare system. However, little is known about risk factors associated...
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Risk Factors Associated with Endometrial Pathology in Premenopausal Breast Cancer Patients Treated with Tamoxifen

Lee M, Piao J, Jeon MJ

PURPOSE: To evaluate factors associated with endometrial pathology during tamoxifen use in premenopausal breast cancer (BC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of premenopausal BC patients treated with...
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Yonsei Criteria, a Potential Linkage to Intratumoral Foxp3⁺/CD8⁺ Ratio for the Prediction of Oncologic Outcomes in Resected Left-Sided Pancreatic Cancer

Hwang HK, Lee SH, Kim HI, Kim SH, Choi J, Kang CM, Lee WJ

PURPOSE: This study sought to investigate associations among Yonsei criteria (tumor confined to the pancreas, intact fascia layer between the distal pancreas and the left adrenal gland and kidney, and...
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Risk Factor and Mortality in Patients with Pulmonary Embolism Combined with Infectious Disease

Lee GD, Ju S, Kim JY, Kim TH, Yoo JW, Lee SJ, Cho YJ, Jeong YY, Jeon KN, Lee JD, Kim HC

BACKGROUND: Infectious conditions may increase the risk of venous thromboembolism. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk factor for combined infectious disease and its influence on mortality...
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Reasons and Risk Factors for Readmission Following Hospitalization for Community-acquired Pneumonia in South Korea

Jang JG, Ahn JH

BACKGROUND: Limited studies have been performed to assess readmission following hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in an Asian population. We evaluated the rates, reasons, and risk factors for 30-day readmission...
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Recent Advances in Molecular Basis of Lung Aging and Its Associated Diseases

Kang MJ

Aging is often viewed as a progressive decline in fitness due to cumulative deleterious alterations of biological functions in the living system. Recently, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying...
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Nutrient intakes and medication use in elderly individuals with and without dry mouths

Lee KA, Park JC, Park YK

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The nutrition of the elderly depends on various factors. Oral health, especially oral dryness, can be an important risk factor. In this study, we attempted to determine whether dry...
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Occurrence of infections in schoolchildren subsequent to supplementation with vitamin D-calcium or zinc: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Mandlik R, Mughal Z, Khadilkar , Chiplonkar S, Ekbote V, Kajale N, Patwardhan V, Padidela R, Khadilkar

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D and zinc are recognized for their roles in immune-modulation, and their deficiencies are suggested to be important risk factors for childhood infections. This study, therefore, undertook to...
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Preoperative Prediction for Early Recurrence Can Be as Accurate as Postoperative Assessment in Single Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients

Cha DI, Jang KM, Kim SH, Kim YK, Kim H, Ahn SH

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of predicting early recurrence using preoperative factors only in comparison with using both pre-/postoperative factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 549 patients who had undergone...
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Human platelet lysate efficiency, stability, and optimal heparin concentration required in culture of mammalian cells

Mohamed HE, Asker ME, Kotb NS, El Habab A

BACKGROUND: Fetal bovine serum (FBS) has been used to support the growth and proliferation of mammalian cells for decades. Owing to several risk factors associated with FBS, several trials have...
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Risk Factors for Duodenal Stump Leakage after Laparoscopic Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer

Gu L, Zhang K, Shen Z, Wang X, Zhu H, Pan J, Zhong X, Khadaroo P, Chen P

PURPOSE: Duodenal stump leakage (DSL) is a potentially fatal complication that can occur after gastrectomy, but its underlying risk factors are unclear. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors...
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Association between Lymphovascular Invasion and Recurrence in Patients with pT1N+ or pT2–3N0 Gastric Cancer: a Multi-institutional Dataset Analysis

Fujita K, Kanda M, Ito S, Mochizuki , Teramoto H, Ishigure K, Murai T, Asada T, Ishiyama A, Matsushita H, Tanaka C, Kobayashi , Fujiwara M, Murotani K, Kodera Y

PURPOSE: Patients with pathological stage T1N+ or T2–3N0 gastric cancer may experience disease recurrence following curative gastrectomy. However, the current Japanese Gastric Cancer Treatment Guidelines do not recommend postoperative adjuvant...
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Phlegmonous Gastritis Caused by Penetration of a Toothpick

Rim CB, Kim SM

Phlegmonous gastritis is a disease caused by a bacterial infection of the gastric wall. This condition is rare, but when it does occur, its prognosis appears to be poor. The...
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Risk Factors for Liver Function Deterioration after Transarterial Chemoembolization Refractoriness in Child-Pugh Class A Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients

Park KH, Kim JH, Choe WH, Kwon SY, Yoo BC, Hwang JH, Park SW, Kim YJ, Park HS, Yu MH, Jeon HJ

BACKGROUND/AIMS: A switch to systemic therapy, such as sorafenib, should be considered for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients refractory to transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). On the other hand, treatment changes are difficult...
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Sarcopenia as a Risk Factor for Gastrointestinal Disease: Relationship between Erosive Esophagitis and Sarcopenia

Jung K

No abstract available.
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Associations of Plasma Neutrophil Gelatinase-associated Lipocalin, Anemia, and Renal Scarring in Children with Febrile Urinary Tract Infections

Lee JH, Yim HE, Yoo KH

BACKGROUND: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a bacteriostatic agent, is known to inhibit erythropoiesis leading to anemia. We aimed to investigate the associations of NGAL, anemia, and renal scarring in children...
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Pretransplant Hepatic Malignancy Increases Risk of De Novo Malignancy after Liver Transplantation

Park GC, Hwang S, Ahn CS, Kim KH, Moon DB, Ha TY, Song GW, Jung DH, Yoon YI, Cho HD, Kwon JH, Chung YK, Kang SH, Choi JU, Jung IJ, Lee SG

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence and development of de novo malignancy (DNM) after liver transplantation (LT) are the major causes of late recipient death. METHODS: We analyzed the incidence of extrahepatic...
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Effect of Cervical Cerclage on the Risk of Recurrent Preterm Birth after a Twin Spontaneous Preterm Birth

Kim S, Park HS, Kwon H, Seol HJ, Bae JG, Ahn KH, Na S, Lee SJ, Lee MY, Lee SM, Kwak DW, Park JY, Park IY, Won HS, Kim MY, Ko HS, Hwang HS, Korean Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology Research Group

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of cervical cerclage on the recurrence risk for preterm birth in singleton pregnant women after a twin spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). METHODS: This...
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Determination of maternal risk factors of preterm delivery: adjusted for sparse data bias; results from a population-based case-control study in Iran

Valipour M, Ayubi E, Shiravand , Moradi Y, Abbaszadeh A, Amrai F, Mokhtari S, Bahmanpour K, Mansori K

OBJECTIVE: To determine the maternal risk factors associated with preterm delivery in Iran. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted including 48 women having preterm delivery (case group) and 100 women...
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