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Risk Factor and Mortality in Patients with Pulmonary Embolism Combined with Infectious Disease

Lee GD, Ju S, Kim JY, Kim TH, Yoo JW, Lee SJ, Cho YJ, Jeong YY, Jeon KN, Lee JD, Kim HC

BACKGROUND: Infectious conditions may increase the risk of venous thromboembolism. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk factor for combined infectious disease and its influence on mortality...
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High-Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy Can Be Effective for Patients in Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure with Hypercapnia: a Retrospective, Propensity Score-Matched Cohort Study

Bae S, Han M, Kim C, Lee H, Ahn JJ, Kim JH, Kang BJ

BACKGROUND: Usually, high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy is indicated for de novo acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF). Although only a few researches have examined the effectiveness of HFNC therapy for...
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Is renal replacement therapy necessary in deceased donor liver transplantation candidates with hepatorenal syndrome?: a 2-year experience at a high-volume center

Park GC, Hwang S, Jung DH, Song GW, Ahn CS, Kim KH, Moon DB, Ha TY, Yoon YI, Cho HD, Kwon JH, Chung YK, Kang SH, Jung IJ, Choi JU, Lee SG

PURPOSE: Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a fatal complication in patients with end-stage liver disease awaiting liver transplantation (LT). HRS often develops in patients with high model for end-stage liver disease...
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Association between Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction and Mortality in Patients with Septic Shock

Kim S, Lee JD, Kim BK, Kim YH, Kim JH

BACKGROUND: The impact of myocardial damage on the prognosis of patients with septic shock is not clearly elucidated because complex hemodynamic changes in sepsis obscure the direct relationship. We evaluated...
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Effect of Operator Volume on In-Hospital Outcomes Following Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Based on the 2014 Cohort of Korean Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (K-PCI) Registry

Lee JH, Eom SY, Kim U, Lee CH, Son JW, Jeon DW, Bae JH, Oh SK, Cha KS, Suh Y, Koh YY, Yang TH, Shim DK, Bae JW, Park JS

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relationship between operator volume and outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has not been fully investigated. We aimed to...
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Incidence of Hypotension after Discontinuation of Norepinephrine or Arginine Vasopressin in Patients with Septic Shock: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Song JU, Lee J, Park HK, Suh GY, Jeon K

BACKGROUND: There has been no consensus regarding the discontinuation order of vasopressors in patients recovering from septic shock treated with concomitant norepinephrine (NE) and arginine vasopressin (AVP). The aim of...
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A Nationwide Assessment of the “July Effect” and Predictors of Post-Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography Sepsis at Urban Teaching Hospitals in the United States

Desai R, Patel U, Doshi S, Zalavadia , Siddiq W, Dave H, Bilal M, Khullar V, Goyal H, Desai M, Shah N

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To analyze the incidence of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) sepsis in the early (July to September) and later (October to June) academic months to assess the “July effect”. METHODS: The...
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Are there differences in risk factors, microbial aspects, and prognosis of cellulitis between compensated and decompensated hepatitis C virus-related cirrhosis?

Hassan EA, Rehim AS, Abdel-Malek MO, Ahmed AO, Abbas NM

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cellulitis is a common infection in patients with liver cirrhosis. We aimed to compare risk factors, microbial aspects, and outcomes of cellulitis in compensated and decompensated hepatitis C virus...
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Outcomes of open heart surgery in patients with end-stage renal disease

Park JH, Lim JH, Lee KH, Jung HY, Choi JY, Cho JH, Kim CD, Kim YL, Jung H, Kim GJ, Park SH

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases of chronic dialysis patients are often undertreated because of their higher surgical risk. This study aimed to assess mortality and morbidity after open heart surgery in chronic...
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Clinical characteristics and outcomes in acute myocardial infarction patients with versus without any cardiovascular risk factors

Choi AR, Jeong MH, Hong YJ, Sohn SJ, Kook HY, Sim DS, Ahn YK, Lee KH, Cho JY, Kim YJ, Cho MC, Kim CJ, other Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry Investigators

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although cardiovascular (CV) risk factors are well established, some patients experience acute myocardial infarction (AMI) even without any risk factors. METHODS: We analyzed total 11,390 patients (63.6 ± 12.6 years...
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Effect of Institutional Case Volume on In-Hospital and Long-Term Mortality in Critically Ill Patients Requiring Mechanical Ventilation for 48 Hours or More

Lee H, Choi S, Jang EJ, Lee J, Kim D, Yoo S, Oh SY, Ryu HG

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether institutional case volume affects clinical outcomes in patients receiving mechanical ventilation for 48 hours or more. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide...
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Characteristics, management and clinical outcomes of patients with sepsis: a multicenter cohort study in Korea

Jeon K, Na SJ, Oh DK, Park S, Choi EY, Kim SC, Seong GM, Heo J, Chang Y, Kwack WG, Kang BJ, Choi WI, Kim KC, Park SY, Kwak SH, Shin YM, Lee HB, Park SH, Cho JH, Kim B, Lim CM, Korean Sepsis Alliance (KSA) study group

BACKGROUND: Mortality rates associated with sepsis have increased progressively in Korea, but domestic epidemiologic data remain limited. The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics, management and clinical...
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Prognostic significance of malnutrition for long-term mortality in community-acquired pneumonia: a propensity score matched analysis

Yeo HJ, Byun KS, Han J, Kim JH, Lee SE, Yoon SH, Jeon D, Kim YS, Cho WH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The impact of malnutrition on the outcome of hospitalized adults with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has not been fully investigated. This study evaluated the prevalence and prognostic significance of malnutrition...
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Current Status of Noninvasive Ventilation Use in Korean Intensive Care Units: A Prospective Multicenter Observational Study

Nam H, Cho JH, Choi EY, Chang Y, Choi WI, Hwang JJ, Moon JY, Lee K, Kim SW, Kang HK, Sim YS, Park TS, Park SY, Park S, on behalf of Korean NIV Study Group

BACKGROUND: Data on noninvasive ventilation (NIV) use in intensive care units (ICUs) are very limited in South Korea. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed in 20 ICUs of university-affiliated hospitals...
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Evaluating the Outcome of Multi-Morbid Patients Cared for by Hospitalists: a Report of Integrated Medical Model in Korea

Lee JH, Kim AJ, Kyong TY, Jang JH, Park J, Lee JH, Lee MJ, Kim JS, Suh YJ, Kwon SR, Kim CW

BACKGROUND: The lack of medical personnel has led to the employment of hospitalists in Korean hospitals to provide high-quality medical care. However, whether hospitalists' care can improve patients' outcomes remains...
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Clinical Effects of Intra-Abdominal Pressure in Critically Ill Trauma Patients

Ryu DY, Kim H, Seok JP, Lee CK, Yeo KH, Choi SU, Kim JH, Cho HM

PURPOSE: There is increasing interest in intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) in critically ill patients. This study investigated the effects and outcomes of elevated IAP in a trauma...
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Evaluation of the Clinical Effect of Intravenous Glutamine on Intensive Care Unit Patients

Kim KJ, Jang HY, Kang MK

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical effect of intravenous glutamine administration on patients admitted to the intensive care unit in general hospitals. METHODS: Patients with more than 7 days in an intensive...
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Association between Weekend Admission and In-hospital Mortality among Cardiovascular Patients in Korea

Lee SA, Park EC, Shin J, Ju YJ, Lee HY

BACKGROUND: Weekend admission is known for having association with increased mortality attributed by poor quality of care and severe patients. We investigated the association between hospital admission on weekends and...
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New prehospital scoring system for traumatic brain injury to predict mortality and severe disability using motor Glasgow Coma Scale, hypotension, and hypoxia: a nationwide observational study

Gang MC, Hong KJ, Shin SD, Song KJ, Ro YS, Kim TH, Park JH, Jeong J

OBJECTIVE: Assessing the severity of injury and predicting outcomes are essential in traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the respiratory rate and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of the Revised Trauma Score...
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Treatment of Odontoid Type II Fractures in Octogenarians: Balancing Two Different Treatment Strategies

Gembruch O, Lemonas E, Ahmadipour Y, Sure U, El Hindy N, Dodel R, Müller O

OBJECTIVE: Demographic changes have led to a higher incidence of C-2 fractures, especially in elderly patients. For patients with type II fractures, treatment remains controversial, as discussed by Anderson and...
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