J Cancer Prev.  2019 Dec;24(4):208-216. 10.15430/JCP.2019.24.4.208.

Food Intake Behavior in Cancer Survivors in Comparison With Healthy General Population; From the Health Examination Center-based Cohort

Affiliations
  • 1National Cancer Center Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, Goyang, Korea.
  • 2Department of Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hayejine@hanmail.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND
This study aimed to investigate the food intake behavior of cancer survivors based on main sources of energy intake from different food groups in comparison with healthy individuals.
METHODS
Baseline survey data from the Health Examinee cohort, which recruited participants from 2014 to 2013 were applied. A total of 5,269 cancer survivors and 5,219 healthy subjects without comorbidities who were matched by age, sex, and enrollment center were included in the analysis. The proportion of energy intake for 17 food groups was devided into lower median and median or upper. OR and 95% CIs were determined to measure the difference of energy intake proportion in cancer survivors, five major types of cancer survivors versus healthy individuals.
RESULTS
Generally, the proportion of calories intake from sugars and sweets, meat and poultry, oils and fats, and beverage was lower in cancer survivors than in healthy individuals (OR = 0.83 [95% CI = 0.79-0.88], 0.75 [95% CI = 0.71-0.80], 0.84 [95% CI = 0.80-0.89], and 0.93 [95% CI = 0.88-0.99], respectively) with more prominently shown in breast, colon, and thyroid cancer individuals. In contrast, cancer survivors tended to intake calories from potatoes and starches, legume, seeds and nuts, vegetables, mushrooms, fruits, and seasonings more than healthy individuals (OR = 1.09 [95% CI = 1.03-1.16], 1.13 [95% CI = 1.06-1.19], 1.15 [95% CI = 1.09-1.22], 1.07 [95% CI = 1.01-1.13], 1.07 [95% CI = 1.02-1.14], 1.15 [95% CI = 1.08-1.21], and 1.17 [95% CI = 1.10-1.23], respectively) which were more prominent in gastric and breast cancer survivors.
CONCLUSIONS
The dietary behavior measured by main sources of energy intake in cancer survivors was different from healthy individuals in terms of several food groups. Although there are nutrition guidelines for cancer survivors, because of the differences between Western population and Asian people in terms of food culture, the guidelines for balanced nutritious behavior should be established among Asian cancer survivors.

Keyword

Cancer survivors; Energy intake; Nutrition status

MeSH Terms

Agaricales
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Beverages
Breast
Breast Neoplasms
Carbohydrates
Cohort Studies*
Colon
Comorbidity
Eating*
Energy Intake
Fabaceae
Fats
Fruit
Healthy Volunteers
Humans
Meat
Nutrition Policy
Nutritional Status
Nuts
Oils
Poultry
Seasons
Solanum tuberosum
Starch
Surveys and Questionnaires
Survivors*
Thyroid Neoplasms
Vegetables
Carbohydrates
Fats
Oils
Starch
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