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Hospitalization Due to Asthma Exacerbation: A China Asthma Research Network (CARN) Retrospective Study in 29 Provinces Across Mainland China

Lin J, Xing B, Tang H, Yang L, Yuan Y, Gu Y, Chen P, Liu X, Zhang J, Liu H, Wang C, Zhou W, Sun D, Chen Y, Chen Z, Huang M, Lin Q, Hu C, Yang X, Huo J, Ye X, Zhou X, Jiang P, Zhang W, Huang Y, Dai L, Liu R, Cai S, Xu J, Zhou J, on behalf of China Asthma Research Network

PURPOSE: Details of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation in mainland China are lacking. To improve disease control and reduce economic burden, a large sample survey among this patient population is...
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Season and Temperature Effects on Bloodstream Infection Incidence in a Korean Tertiary Referral Hospital

Sohn YS, Byun JH, Kim YA, Shin DC, Lee K

BACKGROUND: The weather has well-documented effects on infectious disease and reports suggest that summer peaks in the incidences of gram-negative bacterial infections among hospitalized patients. We evaluated how season and...
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Can Current Recommendations on Sun Exposure Sufficiently Increase Serum Vitamin D Level?: One-Month Randomized Clinical Trial

Lee YM, Kim SA, Lee DH

BACKGROUND: Lack of sunlight exposure is the primary reason for the worldwide epidemic of vitamin D deficiency. Although recommended sunlight exposure guidelines exist, there is no evidence regarding whether current...
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Allergenic Pollen Calendar in Korea Based on Probability Distribution Models and Up-to-Date Observations

Shin JY, Han MJ, Cho C, Kim KR, Ha JC, Oh JW

PURPOSE: The pollen calendar is the simplest forecasting method for pollen concentrations. As pollen concentrations are liable to seasonal variations due to alterations in climate and land-use, it is necessary...
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Comparison of Salinity and Sodium Content by the Salinity Measurement Frequency of Soups of Childcare Centers Enrolled in the Center for Children's Food Service Management in Daegu

Lee NY, Lee YK

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the salinity of soups provided at childcare centers by measuring the salinity for three years and providing basic data for sodium reduction. METHODS: The soup salinity was...
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Concept Development of Political Competence for Nurses

Han NK, Kim GS

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to define and clarify the concept of political competence for nurses. METHODS: A hybrid model method was used to investigate the dimensions, attributes, and...
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Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness among Elementary School Students in Korea during the 2016-2017 Seasons: a Cross-Sectional Survey

Kim YM, Kang S, Lim JS, Kim DH

BACKGROUND: Annual vaccination is the principal way to reduce the mortality and morbidity associated with influenza. In the 2016–2017 influenza seasons, the influenza epidemic appeared to exhibit a different pattern...
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Fractional exhaled nitric oxide and forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity have predictive value of asthma exacerbation in Korean school children

Kang MG, Yoon SA, Sim JH, Woo SI

BACKGROUND: The incidence of asthma exacerbation (AE) and the predictive value of spirometry and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in school children have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate...
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Deep Neural Network-Based Concentration Model for Oak Pollen Allergy Warning in South Korea

Seo YA, Kim KR, Cho C, Oh JW, Kim TH

PURPOSE: Oak is the dominant tree species in Korea. Oak pollen has the highest sensitivity rate among all allergenic tree species in Korea. A deep neural network (DNN)-based estimation model...
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Domestic Dog and Cat Bites: Epidemiology and Analysis of 823 Cases over the Last 5 Years

Lee KJ, You Y, Kim YW, Lee DC, Koh SH, Kim JS, Roh SY, Hong MK

BACKGROUND: In response to the increasing incidence of bite injuries along with the growing population of household pets in Korea, this study aims to assess the morbidity of dog and...
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The difference of detection rate of avian influenza virus in the wild bird surveillance using various methods

Kim GS, Kim TS, Son JS, Lai VD, Park JE, Wang SJ, Jheong WH, Mo IP

Korea is located within the East Asian-Australian flyway of wild migratory birds during the fall and winter seasons. Consequently, the likelihood of introduction of numerous subtypes and pathotypes of the...
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Epidemiological and Mycological Characteristics of Teenagers with Tinea Capitis in Southeastern Korea: Trichophyton tonsurans as the Main Causative Fungus in Recent 10 Years

Sohng C, Kim JY, Park KD, Jang YH, Lee SJ, Bang YJ, Jun JB, Lee WJ

BACKGROUND: Tinea capitis is a contagious fungal infection that occurs predominantly in childhood. Although its incidence has declined, its epidemiological and mycological characteristics are continue to evolve. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes...
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Pathologic characteristics for the Rhodococcus equi infection in foals in Jeju

From 1996 to 2014, 14 foals from nine farms in Jeju were diagnosed with a Rhodococcus equi infection. Clinically, most foals showed characteristic respiratory signs, including hyperthermia and dyspnea. The...
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Estimating Influenza-associated Mortality in Korea: The 2009–2016 Seasons

Hong K, Sohn S, Chun BC

OBJECTIVES: Estimating influenza-associated mortality is important since seasonal influenza affects persons of all ages, causing severe illness or death. This study aimed to estimate influenza-associated mortality, considering both periodic changes...
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Anti-oxidative Effect of Piperine from Piper nigrum L. in Caenorhabditis elegans

Park HM, Kim JH, Kim DK

Piper nigrum L. (Piperaceae), which is a well-known food seasoning, has been used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea and anorexia in Korea, China...
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Botulinum A Toxin Injection as an Adjuvant Wintering Therapy in Patients with Raynaud's Syndrome

Cho KS, Yoon JS, Ahn HC

PURPOSE: Patients with secondary Raynaud's syndrome experience severe pain and even ulceration of the fingertips, particularly during the winter season. The aim of this retrospective review was to evaluate whether...
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Epidemiologic Trends and Seasonality of Scabies in South Korea, 2010–2017

Kim JH, Cheong HK

Scabies is a parasitic skin infection with intense itching. Scabies infection seriously impairs quality of life, while outbreaks in medical institutions cause financial losses. This study aimed to present the...
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Effect of Pre-training and Post-training Nordic Exercise on Hamstring Injury Prevention, Recurrence, and Severity in Soccer Players

Elerian AE, El-Sayyad , Dorgham HA

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of adding Nordic exercise as post-training in decreasing hamstring initial, recurrent injuries rates, and their severity. METHODS: In this randomly controlled trial study, 34 professional football...
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A nationwide study of the emergency department utilization rates according to season, day of the week, time of the day, region, and type of emergency department

Han JH, Lee SM, Choi G, Lee HC, Heo T

OBJECTIVE: The mismatch in the demand and supply of emergency medical resources has been a constant issue in Korean emergency departments (EDs). This study analyzed the characteristics and actual utilization...
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Reality of Kawasaki disease epidemiology

Kim GB

Epidemiologic studies of Kawasaki disease (KD) have shown a new pattern or change of its occurrence suggestive of its pathophysiology or risk factors from the first patient with KD reported...
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