Korean J Community Nutr.  2019 Aug;24(4):321-330. 10.5720/kjcn.2019.24.4.321.

Relation of Nutritional Intake and Allergic Rhinitis in Infants: Using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2013~2016

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, Changshin University, Chanagwon, Korea, Professor. byseo@cs.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
This study examined the relationship between the presence of allergic rhinitis and the nutritional intake levels of Korean infants.
METHODS
The study involved a total of 1,214 infant subjects aged 1~5 months from the 2013~2016 KNHNES (Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey). The Subjects were classified into two groups based on the presence of allergic rhinitis: Non-allergic rhinitis infants (NARI, n=1,088) and allergic rhinitis infants (ARI, n=126). The general characteristics and family history of allergies, nutrient intake status, nutrient supplement intake, and breast milk and baby food start period data of the two groups were compared. All statistical analyses accounted for the complex sampling design effect and sampling weights.
RESULTS
The mean age was 0.5 years old in the ARI group compared to the NARI group. In the residence, the rate of urban was higher in ARI. The family history revealed a significant difference between the two groups, particularly those of mothers rather than fathers. The nutrient intake levels were high in energy, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, iron, riboflavin, niacin, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Breastfeeding was significantly higher in the ARI group than in the NARI group. The baby food start period was 0.3 months earlier in NARI group than in ARI group. The height, body weight, and birth weight were higher in ARI group than NARI group. The result of Odds ratio analysis showed that excess energy, protein, calcium, phosphorus, iron, riboflavin, and niacin intake increases the risk of allergic rhinitis.
CONCLUSIONS
These results can be used as data to develop nutrition guidelines for allergic rhinitis infants.

Keyword

infants; nutritional intake level; OR of allergic rhinitis

MeSH Terms

Birth Weight
Body Height
Breast Feeding
Calcium
Fathers
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
Humans
Hypersensitivity
Infant*
Iron
Korea*
Milk, Human
Mothers
Niacin
Nutrition Policy
Nutrition Surveys*
Odds Ratio
Phosphorus
Potassium
Rhinitis
Rhinitis, Allergic*
Riboflavin
Sodium
Weights and Measures
Calcium
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
Iron
Niacin
Phosphorus
Potassium
Riboflavin
Sodium
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