J Nutr Health.  2018 Dec;51(6):515-525. 10.4163/jnh.2018.51.6.515.

Cereal intake status and nutritional status of adults: results from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013 ~ 2016

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Korea National University of Transportation, Chungbuk 27909, Korea. byj@ut.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was performed to evaluate the cereal intake status and explore its relationship with the nutritional status of the Korean adults from 2013 ~ 2016, Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES).
METHODS
We analyzed dData from the combined 2013 ~ 2016 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. The analysis included 12,199 adults aged from 19 to 64 years (male, n = 5,127, female, n = 7,072). In this study, according to cereal intake frequency (From food frequency questionnaire), we classified tThe subjects were classified according into the "non-cereal intake (NCI)" group (male, n = 4,290, female, n = 5,578), and "cereal intake (CI)" group (male, n = 837, female, n = 1,494) according to cereal intake frequency (From food frequency questionnaire).
RESULTS
Typically, 79.6% of adults did not consume cereals (male 81.6%, female 77.3%);, 13.4% consumed cereals 1-3 times a month (male 12.2%, female 14.8%) and 7.1% consumed cereals more than once a week (male 6.2%, female 7.9%). In the case of both males and females, the nutrient density (nutrient intake per 1,000 kcal) and Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) of protein, calcium, phosphorous, potassium, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, niacin, and vitamin C in the Non-Cereal group were significantly lower than those of the CI group (respectively, p < 0.01).
CONCLUSION
Our These results reveal highlight the low frequency of cereal intake in Korean adults and the better nutritional status in adults who consume cereals. It is hypothesized that tThe data of the present study would is expected to serve as basic data to improve the nutritional status of Korean adults.

Keyword

cereal; consumption; nutritional status; adults
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