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Comparisons of food security, dietary behaviors and nutrient intakes between adult North Korean Refugees in South Korea and South Koreans

Kim JY, Lee SK, Kim SG

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: North Korean refugees (NKRs) in South Korea are a unique population as they must adapt in a new country with similar cultural traits but different social, political, and economic...
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Occurrence of infections in schoolchildren subsequent to supplementation with vitamin D-calcium or zinc: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Mandlik R, Mughal Z, Khadilkar , Chiplonkar S, Ekbote V, Kajale N, Patwardhan V, Padidela R, Khadilkar

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D and zinc are recognized for their roles in immune-modulation, and their deficiencies are suggested to be important risk factors for childhood infections. This study, therefore, undertook to...
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Human platelet lysate efficiency, stability, and optimal heparin concentration required in culture of mammalian cells

Mohamed HE, Asker ME, Kotb NS, El Habab A

BACKGROUND: Fetal bovine serum (FBS) has been used to support the growth and proliferation of mammalian cells for decades. Owing to several risk factors associated with FBS, several trials have...
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Effects of some commercial calamansi-containing beverages on the enamel surface

Kim EK, Park HR, Chung KY, Choi CH, Jeong SS

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of some commercial calamansicontaining beverages on the sound surface of bovine teeth as well as the dental erosion inhibitory...
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Paget's Disease of Bone Affecting Peripheral Limb: Difficulties in Diagnosis: A Case Report

Lee JK, Kang YK, Wang PW, Hong SM

In terms of management of Paget's disease of bone (PDB), early diagnosis and proper management achieving remission is essential with lifelong specialist follow-up. We present the case of a 40-year-old...
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Inhibitory Effect of Rosae Multiflorae Fructus Extracts on the Receptor Activator of NF-κB Ligand-Induced Osteoclastogenesis through Modulation of P38- and Ca2⁺-Mediated Nuclear Factor of Activated T-Cells Cytoplasmic 1 Expression

Park KH, Gu DR, Kim MS, Lee SH

BACKGROUND: Rosae Multiflorae fructus (RMF), known to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, has been used as a traditional remedy for inflammatory diseases such as arthritis in Eastern Asia. However, its...
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Current Understanding of Mineral and Bone Disorders of Chronic Kidney Disease and the Scientific Grounds on the Use of Exogenous Parathyroid Hormone in Its Management

Pazianas M, Miller PD

Chronic Kidney disease (CKD) disturbs mineral homeostasis leading to mineral and bone disorders (MBD). Serum calcium and phosphate (Pi) remain normal until the late stages of CKD at the expense...
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Analysis of Dietary Calcium and Phosphorus Intakes and Contribution Rates of Major Dish Groups according to Gender, Age, and Region in Korea

Lee YK, Choi MK, Hyun T, Lyu ES, Park H, Ro HK, Heo YR

OBJECTIVES: Calcium (Ca) is an insufficiently consumed nutrient, whereas phosphorus (P) intake has exceeded the recommended intake level in Korea over the past decade. The purpose of this study was...
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Evaluation of the dietary quality and nutritional status of elderly people using the Nutrition Quotient for Elderly (NQ-E) in Seoul

Ham SW, Kim KH

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the dietary quality and nutritional status of elderly people using the Nutrition Quotient for Elderly (NQ-E). METHODS: The participants were 204 elderly people over 65 years of...
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Status of health and nutritional intake of the elderly in long-term care facilities: focus on Gwangju Metropolitan City

Han G, Yang E

PURPOSE: This study assessed the food intake and nutritional status of the elderly in long-term care facilities in order to provide adequate food services and improve the nutritional status. METHODS: The...
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Efficacy and Safety of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Patients Treated with Statins for Residual Hypertriglyceridemia: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial

Jun JE, Jeong IK, Yu JM, Kim SR, Lee IK, Han KA, Choi SH, Kim SK, Park HK, Mok JO, Lee YH, Kwon HS, Kim SH, Kang HC, Lee SA, Lee CB, Choi KM, Her SH, Shin WY, Shin MS, Ahn HS, Kang SH, Cho JM, Jo SH, Cha TJ, Kim SY, Won KH, Kim DB, Lee JH, Lee MK

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk remains increased despite optimal low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level induced by intensive statin therapy. Therefore, recent guidelines recommend non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) as a secondary...
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Distinctive bone regeneration of calvarial defects using biphasic calcium phosphate supplemented ultraviolet-crosslinked collagen membrane

Hong I, Khalid AW, Pae HC, Cha JK, Lee JS, Paik JW, Jung UW, Choi SH

PURPOSE: To overcome several drawbacks of chemically-crosslinked collagen membranes, modification processes such as ultraviolet (UV) crosslinking and the addition of biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) to collagen membranes have been introduced....
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Diagnosis and Treatment of Brown Tumor

Cho YJ, Cho YM, Na SM, Jung ST

PURPOSE: Brown tumor is a tumor-like disease that can occur as a linked disease of hyperparathyroidism which can causes osteoporosis, osteitis fibrosa cystica, pathologic fractures. Brown tumor has been reported...
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A micro-computed tomography evaluation of voids using calcium silicate-based materials in teeth with simulated internal root resorption

Tek V, Türker SA

OBJECTIVES: The obturation quality of MTA, Biodentine, Total Fill BC root canal sealer (RCS), and warm gutta-percha (WGP) in teeth with simulated internal root resorption (IRR) was evaluated by using...
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Bioactivity of endodontic biomaterials on dental pulp stem cells through dentin

Javid B, Panahandeh N, Torabzadeh H, Nazarian H, Parhizkar , Asgary S

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the indirect effect of calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), as 2 calcium silicate-based hydraulic cements, on human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs)...
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Cytocompatibility and cell proliferation evaluation of calcium phosphate-based root canal sealers

Mestieri L, Zaccara IM, Pinheiro L, Barletta F, Kopper PM, Grecca FS

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the cell viability and migration of Endosequence Bioceramic Root Canal Sealer (BC Sealer) compared to MTA Fillapex and AH Plus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BC Sealer,...
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The association of potassium intake with bone mineral density and the prevalence of osteoporosis among older Korean adults

Ha J, Kim SA, Lim K, Shin S

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass and results in vulnerability to fracture. Calcium and vitamin D are known to play an important role in bone health. Recently, potassium...
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Development of the anti-cancer food scoring system 2.0: Validation and nutritional analyses of quantitative anti-cancer food scoring model

Hong YJ, Kim J, Lee HY, Rim CH

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We have previously designed the anti-cancer food scoring model (ACFS) 1.0, an evidence-based quantitative tool analyzing the anti-cancer or carcinogenic potential of diets. Analysis was performed using simple quantitative...
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Efficacy and Safety of High-Dose Atorvastatin in Moderate-to-High Cardiovascular Risk Postmenopausal Korean Women with Dyslipidemia

Moon J, Yoo S, Koh G, Min KW, Shin HH

OBJECTIVE: Postmenopausal women show a more atherogenic lipid profile and elevated cardiovascular risk compared to premenopausal women. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of...
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Relationship Between Epicardial Fat Volume and Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction in Patients with Chest Pain and Unobstructed Coronary Arteries

Quah JX, Sargent S, Nel K, Anstey CM, Stanton T, Greaves K

OBJECTIVE: Epicardial fat (EF) is metabolically active adipose tissue positioned between the epicardial surface of the heart and the pericardium. We investigated whether there is a relationship between EF and...
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