J Breast Dis.  2018 Dec;6(2):46-51. 10.14449/jbd.2018.6.2.46.

Efficacy of Combined Aromatase Inhibitor and Luteinizing Hormone-Releasing Hormone Agonist in Premenopausal Metastatic Breast Cancer

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul, Korea. mklegend@kcch.re.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
Endocrine therapy is the preferred treatment for hormone receptor (HR)-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC). We investigated the efficacy of combined aromatase inhibitor (AI) and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist in premenopausal patients with HR-positive MBC.
METHODS
We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 21 HR-positive premenopausal MBC patients treated with combined AI and LHRH agonist therapy.
RESULTS
The median follow-up period was 32.9 months. The overall response rate was 47.6%, with three complete responses (14.3%) and seven partial responses (33.3%). Nine patients (42.9%) achieved stable disease lasting more than 6 months; thus, the clinical benefit rate was 90.4%. The median time to progression was 45.4 months. No patients experienced grade 3 or 4 toxicity.
CONCLUSION
Combined AI and LHRH agonist treatment safely and effectively induced remission or prolonged disease stabilization, suggesting that this could be a promising treatment option for HR-positive premenopausal patients with MBC.

Keyword

Aromatase inhibitors; Breast neoplasms; Gonadotropin-releasing hormone; Goserelin; Premenopause
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