Korean J Leg Med.  2018 May;42(2):62-70. 10.7580/kjlm.2018.42.2.62.

The Assessment of Eyewitness Memory Using Electroencephalogram: Application of Machine Learning Algorithm

Affiliations
  • 1Psychological Forensics Division, National Forensic Service, Wonju, Korea. ksham@korea.kr
  • 2Department of Forensic Medicine, Institute of Forensic Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. yoosh@snu.ac.kr

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate whether memory accuracy can be assessed by analyzing electrophysiological responses (i.e., electroencephalography [EEG]) for retrieval cues related to the witnessed scene. Specifically, we examined the different patterns of EEG signals recorded during witnessed (target) and unwitnessed (lure) stimuli using event-related potential (ERP) analysis. Moreover, using multivariate pattern analysis, we also assessed how accurately single-trial EEG signals can classify target and lure stimuli. Participants watched a staged-crime video (theft crime), and the EEG signals evoked by the objects shown in the video were analyzed (n=56). Compared to the target stimulus, the lure stimulus elicited larger negative ERPs in frontal brain regions 300 to 500 milliseconds after the retrieval cue was presented. Furthermore, the EEG signals observed 450 to 500 milliseconds after the retrieval cue was presented showed the best classification performance related to eyewitness memory, with the mean classification accuracy being 56%. These results suggest that the knowledge and techniques of cognitive neuroscience can be used to estimate eyewitness memory accuracy.

Keyword

Memory; Recognition; Electroencephalography; Event-related potentials; Machine learning; Cognitive neuroscience

MeSH Terms

Brain
Classification
Cognitive Neuroscience
Cues
Electroencephalography*
Evoked Potentials
Machine Learning*
Memory*
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