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Cortical Morphometric Abnormality and Its Association with Working Memory in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Si FF, Liu L, Li HM, Sun L, Cao QJ, Lu H, Wang YF, Qian QJ

Objective Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder in children and adolescents. The present study investigated the cortical morphology features and their relationship with working memory (WM). Methods In the...
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Enhancement of Processing Capabilities of Hippocampus Lobe: A P300 Based Event Related Potential Study

Benet N, Krishna R, Kumar V

Background and Objectives: The influence of music training on different areas of the brain has been extensively researched, but the underlying neurobehavioral mechanisms remain unknown. In the present study, the...
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Reliability, Validity, and Unidimensionality of the Korean Version of the Pornography Craving Questionnaire Based on the Classical Test Theory and Item Response Theory

Kim SR, Bhang SY, Lim EY, Huh S, Lee SK, Kraus SW, Potenza MN

Objective This study aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Pornography Craving Questionnaire (K-PCQ) using classical test theory and item response theory. Methods The goodness...
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Body Mass Index and Somatic Symptom Severity in Patients with Somatic Symptom Disorder: The Mediating Role of Working Memory

Kim HJ, Kim HR, Jin JC, Han DH, Kim SM

Objective: In somatic symptom disorder (SSD), cognitive dysfunction is related to perceptive distortion that excessively amplifies bodily sensations. The association between high body mass index (BMI) and cognitive dysfunction could...
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Added Value of Chemical Exchange-Dependent Saturation Transfer MRI for the Diagnosis of Dementia

Oh JH, Choi BG, Rhee HY, Lee JS, Lee KM, Park S, Cho AR, Ryu CW, Park KC, Kim EJ, Jahng GH

Objective: Chemical exchange-dependent saturation transfer (CEST) MRI is sensitive for detecting solid-like proteins and may detect changes in the levels of mobile proteins and peptides in tissues. The objective of...
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β-adrenergic Receptor Activity in the Hippocampal Dentate Gyrus Participates in Spatial Learning and Memory Impairment in Sleep-deprived Rats

Lu HJ, lv J

  • KMID: 2515813
  • Exp Neurobiol.
  • 2021 Apr;30(2):144-154.
  • doi: 10.5607/en20058
Sleep deprivation (SD) leads to cognitive impairment, especially hippocampus-dependent learning and memory (L&M). The hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) is the key structure involved in spatial L&M while long-term potentiation (LTP)...
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Impairment of Working Memory in Patients with Panic Disorder

Chae SH, Shin YC, Shin DW, Oh KS, Jeon SW, Cho SJ

Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate the impairment of working memory in patients with panic disorder through neuropsychological examination. Methods : A total of 38 patients who...
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The Effect of Adult ADHD Tendency on Cognitive Functions in Young Male Adults with Depression

Shinn SJ, Kim YT, Jung SW, Lee HJ

  • KMID: 2513154
  • J Korean Soc Biol Ther Psychiatry.
  • 2021 Feb;27(1):40-49.
Objectives:The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) tendency on cognitive functions in the group of depression. Methods:117 male patients with depression (51 with...
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Current Status of COVID-19 Vaccine Development: Focusing on Antigen Design and Clinical Trials on Later Stages

Lee P, Kim CU, Seo SH, Kim DJ

The global outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is still threatening human health, economy, and social life worldwide. As a counteraction for this devastating disease, a number of vaccines are...
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Effect of Carnatic Music Listening Training on Speech in Noise Performance in Adults

Amemane R, Gundmi A, Madikeri Mohan K

Background and Objectives: Music listening has a concomitant effect on structural and functional organization of the brain. It helps in relaxation, mind training and neural strengthening. In relation to it,...
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Protective Effect of Rice Bran Oil against β-Amyloid Protein-Induced Memory Impairment and Neuronal Death in Mice

Jang JY, Lee HK, Yoo HS, Seong YH

This study was undertaken to investigate the protective effect of rice bran oil (RBO) on amyloid β protein (Aβ) (25-35)-induced memory impairment and brain damage in an ICR mouse model....
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Regional Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Data Improve Screening Accuracy of Subjective Memory Complaints and Informant Reports of Cognitive Decline

Yim SJ, Yi D, Byun MS, Sung K, Lee DY

Objective We investigated whether the addition of Alzheimer’s disease-signature region cortical thickness (AD-Ct) and hippocampal volume (Hv) obtained from brain MRI to subjective memory complaints and informant-reports of cognitive decline...
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Four-Week, Home-Based, Robot Cognitive Intervention for Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment: a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

Lee EH, Kim BR, Kim H, Kim SH, Chun MY, Park HK, Park KD, Jeong JH, Kim GH

Background and Purpose: Previous studies suggest that cognitive intervention can mitigate the development of dementia in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). However, the previous cognitive intervention was mostly provided...
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MRI-Based Multimodal Approach to the Assessment of Clinical Symptom Severity of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Park SE, Kim BC, Yang JC, Jeong GW

Objective This study assessed the associations of the abnormal brain activation and functional connectivity (FC) during memory processing and brain volume alteration in conjunction with psychiatric symptom severity in patients...
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Effects of Process-Based Cognitive Training on Memory in the Healthy Elderly and Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Shin M, Lee A, Cho AY, Son M, Kim YH

Objective This study investigated the effects of process-based cognitive training that targets working memory and cognitive control on memory improvement in healthy elderly individuals and patients with mild cognitive impairment...
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Driving-Related Adverse Events in the Elderly Men: A Population-Based Prospective Cohort Study

Kim JS, Bae JB, Han K, Hong JW, Han JH, Kim TH, Kwak KP, Kim K, Kim BJ, Kim SG, Kim JL, Kim TH, Moon SW, Park JY, Park JH, Byun S, Suh SW, Seo JY, So Y, Ryu SH, Youn JC, Lee KH, Lee DY, Lee DW, Lee SB, Lee JJ, Lee JR, Jeong H, Jeong HG, Jhoo JH, Han JW, Kim KW

Objective This study estimated the incidence of driving-related adverse events and examined the association of cognitive function with the risk of future driving-related adverse events in the elderly Korean male...
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Hydrogel Production Platform with Dynamic Movement UsingPhoto-Crosslinkable/Temperature Reversible Chitosan Polymerand Stereolithography 4D Printing Technology

Seo JW, Shin SR, Park YJ, Bae H

BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) printing using hydrogel has made great strides when it comes to mimicking 3Dartificial tissue in the medical field. However, most structures do not mimic the dynamic movement...
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Augmented Reality Application to Develop a Learning Tool for Students: Transforming Cellphones into Flashcards

Sharmin N, Chow AK

Objectives: Flashcards are one of the most popular and optimized ways to learn factual knowledge and improve memory performance. Students of modern age, who use smart technology and mobile devices...
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Effects of Prenatal Drug Exposure on Children’s Working Memory: A Systematic Review

Laboy-Hernández S, Cruz-Bermúdez ND, Bernal G

Purpose: Substance use during pregnancy is a public health problem. Prenatal drug exposure (PDE) is linked to abnormal physical growth, altered brain organization, and cognitive, emotional, and behavioral problems later...
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Does Episodic Memory Training Improve Episodic Memory of Older Adults with Alzheimer's Disease?

Park JH, Lee SA

To date, it is unclear whether cognitive intervention on episodic memory (EM) is effective in improving all or a subset of EM components in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Therefore, this study...
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