Korean J Community Nutr.  2017 Jun;22(3):228-237. 10.5720/kjcn.2017.22.3.228.

Study on Sugar Consumption of Adult Workers According to Smoking Status

  • 1Nutrition Education Graduate School, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Food & Nutrition, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea. fanta-fun@sookmyung.ac.kr
  • 3Major in Traditional Dietary Life Food, Graduate School of Professional Studies Traditional Culture & Arts, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to investigate the smoking status among adult workers, and current status of sugar intake.
The survey included 500 men working in Gyeonggi-do from October to November in 2016. Questionnaire items covered their age, working status, smoking status, eating habits, eating behaviors, snack consumption status, habits and behaviors related to sugar intake. All data were analyzed by SPSS program (Ver. 23) and descriptive statistics was performed; a t-test, χ² test, One-way ANOVA and Scheffe test were used for post-hoc test.
The study results showed that eating habits and behaviors of non-smokers were better than those of smokers. The frequency of daily snack consumption was the highest in smokers compared to and non-smokers. The smokers' favorite taste after smoking was "˜Sweet'. The average score of sugar-related nutrition knowledge was higher in non-smokers compared to smokers. Non-smokers had better recognition of "˜sugar reduction', and smokers were more likely to eat sweet foods, respectively. On the other hand, non-smokers could observe that they were trying to control themselves for health reasons. According to the results of the study, non-smokers showed better eating habits and dietary habits and consumed less sugar. Also, it was found that non-smokers tried to drink more water than beverages and refrain from eating sweets to reduce their sugar intake. Further, the most of the bread, coffee and beverages were also consumed at a lower frequency by non-smokers compared to smokers.
This study results showed that smoking and sugar consumption were closely related. Therefore, adult workers should actively promote and learn so that they can maintain healthy and suitable dietary habits through reduction of sugar consumption.


sugar; smoking status; sugar-related nutrition knowledge; adult workers; current status of sugar intake

MeSH Terms

Feeding Behavior
Food Habits


  • Fig. 1 Sugar-related nutrition knowledge score


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