J Korean Acad Nurs.  2010 Dec;40(6):852-862. 10.4040/jkan.2010.40.6.852.

Health Behaviors by Job Stress Level in Large-Sized Company with Male and Female Workers

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Kyungwon University, Seongnam, Korea.
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. hyesun@catholic.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was done to investigate differences in health behaviors by job stress level in male and female workers in a large-sized company.
METHODS
Participants were 576 male and 228 female workers who completed questionnaires. Job stress was measured using the 'Short Form Korean Occupational Stress Scale (SF-KOSS)'. Health behaviors included smoking, alcohol consumption, regular exercise, and diet. Frequency, mean, SD, chi-square test, and multivariate logistic regression using SAS version 9.1 were used to analyze data.
RESULTS
Smoking, drinking and regular exercise rates were not different by job stress level in male or female workers. Only regular diet was significantly different by job stress level in male and female workers. From multivariate analysis, the alcohol consumption rates for female workers differed by marital status. Regular exercise rate was significantly related to age for male workers and type of employment for female workers. After adjusting for demographic and work-related characteristics, regular diet significantly differed by shift work for male workers and marital status and shift work for female workers.
CONCLUSION
The findings of the study indicate that nursing interventions should be developed to manage job stress to improve diet habits for male and female workers in large-sized companies.

Keyword

Workers; Stress; Health behavior
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