Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr.  2014 Jun;17(2):85-92.

Dyslipidemia in Children and Adolescents: When and How to Diagnose and Treat?

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.


Recently, the incidence and prevalence of obesity and dyslipidemia are increasing. Dyslipidemia is associated with significant comorbidities and complications, and with cardiovascular risk factors (obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and smoking). The main objectives of this article are that describe the prevalence of dyslipidemia in Korean children and adolescents and review the diagnosis and management of dyslipidemia in children and adolescents.


Dyslipidemias; Obesity; Diagnosis; Treatment

MeSH Terms

Diabetes Mellitus
Risk Factors


  • Fig. 1 Past and projected rates of child obesity and overweight, age 3-17 years, in Korea.

  • Fig. 2 Diagnostic and management algorithm for pediatric dyslipidemia. TC: total cholesterol, RFs: risk factors, LDL-C: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG: triglycerides; FHx: family history, DM: diabetes mellitus. Adapted from the article of Lim (Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2013;18: 1-8) [19].


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