J Korean Med Assoc.  2022 Feb;65(2):95-100. 10.5124/jkma.2022.65.2.95.

Vestibular migraine of childhood

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea


Vestibular migraine and benign paroxysmal vertigo are the most common causes of vertigo in children and adolescents. This is a review of vestibular migraine of childhood dizziness.
Current Concepts
In children and adolescents, the symptoms of dizziness or vertigo are not well defined. Thus, few studies have investigated the characteristics of dizziness or vertigo in children and adolescents. Vestibular migraine is categorized as episodic syndromes associated with migraine in the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition. Despite vertigo’s various clinical features and duration, vestibular migraine can be diagnosed only when a migraine accompanies vertigo from 5 minutes to 72 hours. Benign paroxysmal vertigo is more common in children and adolescents than vestibular migraine. Benign paroxysmal vertigo is considered one of the precursor syndrome of migraine, and the duration of vertigo is short from seconds to minutes.
Discussion and Conclusion
Vestibular migraine is common in older children and adults who need a differential diagnosis. This review might be helpful to diagnose, evaluate, and treat children with vestibular migraine and to reassure their parents.


Dizziness; Vertigo; Children; Migraine disorders; 어지럼; 현기증; 소아; 편두통질환
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