Korean J Biol Psychiatry.  2015 Aug;22(3):140-148. 10.0000/kjbp.2015.22.3.140.

Association between Global Cortical Atrophy, Medial Temporal Atrophy, White Matter Hyperintensities and Cognitive Functions in Korean Alzheimer's Disease Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Incheon, Korea.
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. purple-sh@daum.net
  • 3Keyo Hospital, Uiwang, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between degenerative changes in brain [i.e., global cortical atrophy (GCA), medial temporal atrophy (MTA), white matter hyperintensities (WMH)] and neurocognitive dysfunction in Korean patients with Alzheimer's disease.
METHODS
A total of 62 elderly subjects diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease were included in this study. The degenerative changes in brain MRI were rated with standardized visual rating scales (GCA or global cortical atrophy, MTA or medial temporal atrophy, and Fazekas scales) and the subjects were divided into two groups according to the degree of degeneration for each scale. Cognitive function was evaluated with Korean version of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD-K) and several clinical features, including apolipoprotein E epsilon4 status, lipid profile and thyroid hormones, were also examined. Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test were performed to analyze the relationship between the degree of cerebral degeneration and neurocognitive functions.
RESULTS
Demographic and clinical features, except for the age, did not show any significant difference between the two groups divided according to the degree of cerebral degenerative changes. However, higher degree of GCA was shown to be associated with poorer performance in verbal fluency test, word list recall test, and word list recognition test. Higher degree of MTA was shown to be associated with poorer performance in Mini-Mental State Examination in the Korean Version of CERAD Assessment Packet (MMSE-KC), word list recognition test and construction praxis recall test. Higher degree of white matter hyperintensities was shown to be associated with poorer performance in MMSE-KC.
CONCLUSIONS
Our results suggest that severe brain degeneration shown in MRI is associated with significantly poorer performance in neurocognitive tests in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Moreover, the degree of GCA, MTA and white matter hyperintensities, represented by scores from different visual rating scales, seems to affect certain neurocognitive domains each, which would provide useful information in clinical settings.

Keyword

Alzheimer's disease; Atrophy; Cognition

MeSH Terms

Aged
Alzheimer Disease*
Apolipoproteins
Atrophy*
Brain
Cognition
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Thyroid Hormones
Weights and Measures
Pemetrexed
Apolipoproteins
Thyroid Hormones
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