Korean J Clin Pathol.  1999 Dec;19(6):689-695.

Comparison of serotypes, restriction enzyme analysis of plasmid DNA pattern and PFGE(pulsed-field gel electrophoresis) patterns of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis isolates in Korea.

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Clinical Pathology, Inje University College of Medicine, Sanggye Paik Hospital
  • 2Department of Clinical Pathology, Inje University College of Medicine, Pusan Paik Hospital

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, a member of genus Enterobactericeae, is a main etiologic organism of diarrhea in childhood. Because a mouse and a unchlorinated spring water are main reservoirs of Y. pseudotuberculosis, the strains from a contaminated spring water and mouse could be involved in human epidemic. The purpose of this study was to investigate a clonality between the strains from patients and those from an unchlorinated spring water and a mouse by restriction enzyme analysis of plasmid DNA and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). METHOD: We isolated 15 Y. pseudotuberculosis strains including 8 isolates from patients (S1-S8), 6 isolates from mountain water (W1-W6), 1 isolate from a mouse (M1) in northeast area of Seoul. Plasmid and chromosomal DNA of all strains were analyzed by REAP with Bam H1 restriction and by PFGE with Xba I restriction , respectively.
RESULTS
Restriction enzyme analysis of plasmid DNA was classified into type B and type D. All 7 strains of serotype 15 were classified as type B and 8 strains of serotype 4b were classified as type D. PFGE were classified into 6 different types. Among them, strains of PFGE type I, II, III, IV belong to Y. pseudotuberculosis serotype 15 and Y. pseudotuberculosis 4b strains were classified into PFGE type V, VI. S1 and W1 were classified into PFGE type I . S8, W6 and M1 were classfied into PFGE type VI.
CONCLUSIONS
PFGE revealed clonality among strains from patients, a water and a mouse. PFGE was more discriminative than REAP to characterize the Y. pseudotuberculosis outbreaks in Korea.

Keyword

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis; Restriction enzyme analysis of plasmid DNA; PFGE

MeSH Terms

Animals
Diarrhea
Disease Outbreaks
DNA*
Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field
Humans
Korea*
Mice
Plasmids*
Restriction Mapping*
Seoul
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis*
Yersinia*
DNA
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